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Jean-Paul Gagnon and George Vasilev

action to address the very deficiencies crippling existing democratic practice. In today’s world, such deficiencies include citizen disengagement, de-democratization and regression toward authoritarianism, far right populism, accountability deficits among

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From Schmitt to Foucault

Inquiring the Relationship between Exception and Democracy

Sara Raimondi

. Exception discloses the despotic elements that are part and parcel of the life of (formally) liberal-democratic constitutional settings. The state of exception challenges the actual boundaries between democratic assumptions and the possible authoritarian

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Wolfgang Merkel and Jean-Paul Gagnon

democracies in crisis would mean that if political parties or politicians don’t do something dramatically important to cure this crisis then democracy will die; meaning that it would transcend into authoritarian regimes such as 1933 Germany, 1936 Spain, 1967

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Neoliberalism, the Left and the Rise of the Far Right

On the Political and Ideological Implications of Capitalism's Subordination of Democracy

Costas Panayotakis

, when they do not rely on politically authoritarian or fascist regimes and do not implement the kind of neoliberal policies, which have, in recent decades, prioritized capital's unfettered pursuit of profit over any other social consideration, capitalist

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Sectarianism and Recognition in Iraq

From Consociationalism to Deliberation?

Nicolas Pirsoul

-sponsored “authoritarian deliberation” ( He 2014 ). The neutral responsiveness of the state to the debates happening within publics spheres emerging from civil society is, therefore, a critical component of deliberative democracy's implementation. As we can see, there is a

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Leif Lewin

into an authoritarian mass polity ( Sullivan et al. 1982 ). Some recognize a conflict between political equality and liberty, as liberty means the opportunity to become unequal ( Verba et al. 1995 ). Others contend that political equality leads to a

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Free from State Violence or Free to Comply?

A Revised Typology of Coercion and Repression in Liberal Democracies

Barbora Capinska

compared to brutal authoritarian regimes. Davenport, the main advocate of domestic democratic peace theory, bases his conclusion about the pacification of power in democracies on the level of repressions and restrictions ranging from complete guarantees of

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Monique Deveaux

: “Domination can consist in [judgment] being suppressed and stifled within relations between groups, as in colonial settings (as explored by Fanon), in authoritarian families and tyrannical educational institutions, and between individuals in asymmetrical

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Systematizing Democratic Systems Approaches

Seven Conceptual Building Blocks

Rikki Dean, Jonathan Rinne, and Brigitte Geissel

-level remains a one-party authoritarian state. Can each level be analyzed separately from another, or are they so intimately related that one level must be analyzed in the context of the other levels? The second set of questions concern how to conceive of the

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Anastasia Deligiaouri and Jane Suiter

mask authoritarian domination and practices. These are “pseudodemocracies” ( Diamond 2003: 37 ). In general, in vivo assessment is critical in order to identify beyond words and declarations and assess when a regime really corresponds to the