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The Office de la Famille Française

Familialism and the National Revolution in 1940s Morocco

Margaret Cook Andersen

state divided into multiple zones, including the German occupied zone and, prior to 1942, the “free” zone in the south. It was in the so-called free zone that an authoritarian, collaborationist French government took up residence in the spa town of Vichy

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Nick Underwood

authoritarianism and antisemitism abroad were all part of the interwar crises that fueled these debates over women. The images shown in Naye prese were part of a particular French cultural context where the Modern Girl was an important and even divisive symbol

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Jablonka’s History

Literature and the Search for Truth

Sarah Fishman

future.” 27 Authoritarian leaders past and present clearly validate Orwell’s warning. To cite a recent example, a scuffle in Russia broke out between an archivist and the Putin regime, determined to control the past. In 2016 the director of the Russian

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Matthew Eshleman

socialism was never that of authoritarian state management and Sartre was always critical of what he perceived as Marx’s tendency to efface individual freedom. Sartre saw socialism as enhancing freedom. 17 Although we have lost the political tract Sartre

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After the Party

Trump, Le Pen, and the New Normal

Anne Sa’adah

. Accident has played its part: we may never come up with a satisfying explanation of how the US elected an apparently delusional, needy narcissist with authoritarian reflexes. But accident is not the whole story, nor even its most essential part. French

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Jews and Christians in Vichy France

New and Renewed Perspectives

Michael Sutton

some attraction to the prospect of a Latin union made up of authoritarian, conservative polities in which the Catholic Church would hold a privileged place. Suhard, by contrast, had no such strong preferences and tried to distinguish more sharply

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The Art of Revolutionary Praxis

Ghosting a History without Shadows

Duane H. Davis

another ‘instituting institution.’ When I say that the act calls for its own critique, I mean for it to avoid establishing any authoritarian politics as well as to the revolutionary agent or artist to demand creativity and not merely conformity. 21 It is

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A Bridge Across the Mediterranean

Nafissa Sid Cara and the Politics of Emancipation during the Algerian War

Elise Franklin

also Seferdjeli, “French ‘Reforms’ and Muslim Women’s Emancipation,” 38. 41 Tunisia and Morocco decolonized in 1956. Morocco remained a monarchy, but Tunisia came under the rule of the authoritarian secularist Habib Bourguiba. The French Army had also

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Aaron Freundschuh, Jonah D. Levy, Patricia Lorcin, Alexis Spire, Steven Zdatny, Caroline Ford, Minayo Nasiali, George Ross, William Poulin-Deltour, and Kathryn Kleppinger

lifeblood of the industrial wine system. Third, the constitution of the Fifth Republic weakened the institutional clout of the old wine lobby. I think the author overestimates the “authoritarian” (109) and technocratic nature of the Fifth Republic. But he is

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Judith G. Coffin

This essay considers the near simultaneity of The Second Sex and Alfred C. Kinsey's reports on sexual behavior. It shows how reviewers in both France and the United States paired the studies; it asks how that pairing shaped the reception of The Second Sex; and it situates the studies in their larger historical context—a moment in which sexuality commanded new and much broader attention. An ever-widening number of disciplines, institutions, sectors of mass culture, and representatives of an expanding consumer economy (from studies of the authoritarian personality or juvenile delinquency to advertising) insisted that sexuality was key to their concerns and enterprises. The ways in which sexuality might be understood multiplied—to the point where an allencompassing notion of “sex” collapsed, giving way, eventually, to a plurality of terms: sexuality, sex roles, and gender.