press and the government used the debate as a venue to discuss issues beyond gender and employment: the state of the empire, the productive power of British industry, and the recovery of the “lost generation” through successful marriages. The solutions
Changing conceptions of boredom, progress, and the future among young men in urban Ethiopia, 2003–2015
second half of the article, I examine changes in economic opportunity and urban infrastructural development that occurred between 2005 and 2015. As young men found employment or reentered the education system, their temporal relationship to the present
German nonprofits active in support work for unemployed and marginalized groups have undergone significant transformation in the context of recent social and labor market reforms. Drawing on the findings of a three-year research project on such local work-insertion organizations in Berlin, the article discusses some of the problems and potentials of nonprofits in the reshaping of welfare and employment policies. It shows how the service providers implementing these new policies and delivering the new benefits face a new competition from private, for-profit agencies as well as constraints set by the formal contracts which the new instruments entail. As they now have to deliver enhanced self-activity of their clients, are called upon to nurture and make use of "social capital" in their work fields, and are involved, as civil society "stakeholders," in new local partnerships between the municipality, the employment office and private sector actors, they lead us to question prevailing views in the voluntary sector scholarship.
German unification acted as a catalyst for the substantial transformation of the German welfare and employment regime which has taken place over the last two decades. The changes can be described as a process of a partial liberalization of the labor market within the boundaries of a coordinated industrial relations system and a conservative welfare state. This article depicts the transformation as a trend towards a more liberal welfare and employment regime by focusing on the shifting boundaries between status and income maintenance and poor relief systems.
On 22 December 1998, the centre-left Italian government and
thirty-two social partners signed the Patto Sociale per lo sviluppo e
l’occupazione, a complex agreement with the stated objective of
boosting economic growth and employment, especially in Italy’s
South. This agreement, signed officially on 1 February 1999, was
the last of three national accords of the 1990s which have explicitly
embraced a model of economic governance based upon concertation
among the so-called ‘social partners’. The previous two
agreements, the September 1996 accord on labour market reform
and the July 1993 agreement on collective bargaining and incomes
policy, had both embodied the concertational approach, and the
1993 accord in particular had been of undeniable importance to
Italy’s successful effort to reduce inflation and meet the Maastricht
treaty’s convergence criteria.
Changing European Experiences of Employment, Family and Community
In this article the concept of 'social quality' is invoked as a way of exploring the impact, relevance and potential of policy and social structural developments for citizens' everyday lives. As a concept, 'social quality' embraces a range of themes each of which has received extensive sociological attention: social cohesion and solidarity as crucial elements in both citizenship and in social institutions such as family, neighbourhood and workplace; autonomy and empowerment as central to the individual's sense of identity and self-worth; economic security, which underpins everyday life and enables people to engage in everyday activities and to approach their future without fear of poverty; and social inclusion, the involvement of individuals in social, economic and cultural aspects of collective life.
extent market ‘exchange’ activities are utilised in them, the forms exchanges assume will be as local exchange/employment and trading systems (LETS). Exchange will necessarily be face-to-face or interpersonal , and function more akin to sharing rather
Stephen J. Silvia
A Texas wag once remarked, “Oilmen are like cats. You can’t tell from the sound of them whether they’re fighting or making love.” German industrial relations are not much different. In the heat of collective bargaining, the Federal Republic’s “social partners” (that is, trade unions and employers’ associations) frequently exchange vitriolic barbs in public, while simultaneously engaging in pragmatic, professional negotiations behind closed doors.
Memory Construction and Whitewashing the Nazi Past from Below
consequence by the mandatory activities of the denazification campaigns. The four Allied armies that occupied Germany between 1945 and 1949 required all citizens who wished to retain or gain employment in a public or semi-public position to document their
Reducing Work Risks Stemming from the Market Economy in Northeast Thailand
Shinsuke Tomita, Mario Ivan Lopez, and Yasuyuki Kono
consumables ( Statista 2018 ; WBG 2018 ). Since the 1990s, Thai’s urban centers have expanded placing pressure on young people in rural areas to migrate to urban areas in search of employment. Disparities in wealth and income distribution have been a major