Analysis of my ethnographic data on medical popular culture in tribal south-west Iran, mostly from 1965 to 1983, suggests several traditional explanatory models and philosophical tenets that guide approaches to health issues. Empirical knowledge of natural processes motivates people to observe their bodily requirements. The belief in God's autocratic power is tempered with God's purported wish that people use their abilities to take responsibility for their health, complicating the notion of 'fate'. The various models provide health management choices. Traditionally, patients and healers shared these models, acting on the same cosmological assumptions.
Explanatory Models, Philosophies and Behaviour
In this article the author examines the way in which concepts of citizenship and rights have been transmitted not only by conquest, but also by the imitation of Greek and Roman models. Also, the article discusses the way in which early modern empires, modelling themselves on the classical Roman empire in particular, bring these two elements together. Extensive historiographical work on the reception of European thought in the New World has been produced on both sides of the Atlantic and some important contributions that deal with the impact of the New World encounters in European thought have recently been made. However, the author argues that little work has been done on classical modelling as a vehicle for the transmission of concepts. The long tradition of classical learning, revived in the European Renaissance, made Latin the lingua franca of Europe, and school curricula across Europe ensured that members of the Republic of Letters were exposed to the same texts. This, together with the serviceability of the Roman model as a manual for Empire, ensured the rapid transmission of classical republican and imperial ideas. The author takes England and the British Empire as a case study and provides a variety of examples of classical modelling.
Christopher S. Allen
For much of the past two decades since unification, the literature on the German economy has largely focused on the erosion of the German model of organized capitalism and emphasized institutional decline and the corresponding rise of neoliberalism. The first part of the article analyzes the strains unification placed on German economic performance that caused many observers to call for modification of the model in a more neo-liberal direction. The second part takes a different focus and lays out the main rationale of the paper. It inquires why such a coordinated market economy was created in the first place and whether a renewed form of it might still be useful for Germany, the European Union, and other developed democracies in the early twenty-first century. The third section articulates the origins of the institutional and ideational components of these coordinated market economy models, during both the Bismarckian and Social Market Economy periods. The final portion inquires whether the failure of the contemporary liberal market economy approach in the wake of the worldwide financial crisis and severe recession represents a possible opening for the creation of a third coordinated market economy not only for Germany but for a redesigned European Union.
An Examination of European Protest Activity, 2008–2012
of soft activism also comprise a crucial element of the European social movement sector. In this article, I use the European Social Survey (ESS) to construct multilevel models that predict the likelihood of individuals participating in four forms of
fashion. Their presuppositions about religion and Buddhism, their descriptive vocabularies and priorities, and their models of the central Buddhist actors and dynamics worth examining have maintained considerable influence. This is especially true for
The German model of political economy that had been an enviable
alternative to the liberal market until the late 1980s in the literature of
political economy was under serious structural crisis throughout the
1990s, causing serious doubts about its viability. Many neoliberals
and industrial experts in Germany began to doubt whether Germany
was an attractive place for business activity, initiating the Standort
Deutschland debate. Even German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder conceded
“the end of German model.”1 Many political economists and
journalists expected and recommended imitating the American
model of a liberal market. Prominent German newspapers and magazines
such as the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Der Spiegel, and Die
Woche ran articles titled “The Discovery of America” and “Jobwunder
in Amerika.” Wolfgang Streeck, one of the main proponents of the
German model, expected the convergence of the German economy
toward an American-led liberal market economy under globalization
because of “a secular exhaustion of the German model.” Streeck
believed that the postwar German model was based on the politics
between labor and capital within a national boundary, but globalization
represents a fluidity of financial and labor markets that extricates
whatever coordination has been nationally accomplished.
Iranian Women and Cosmetic Nose Surgery
In this article, the author investigates, from an anthropological point of view, why many Iranian women (and even some men) resort to rhinoplasty – that is, surgery to alter the appearance of the nose – for cosmetic purposes. When did this phenomenon begin in Iran? Which social classes and ages are concerned? What is the relationship between this practice and Iranian society in general? Is it the result of foreign cultural influences? What comparisons can be made with other cultures? Born of a micro-sociological case, these interrogations address the anthropology of Iranian society, which, like many others, has been engaged for several decades in an ‘exchange process’ that today is commonly known as globalisation.
People Power, Adaptation, and Challenges in Rennes (France) and Montreal (Canada)
Giulia Giacchè and Lya Porto
IE model in local contexts, through participant observation and interviews. Finally, the article seeks to empirically verify the diversity (rather than uniformity) of IE gardens and interpret the construction of these spaces in terms of the key actors
A Competing Risks Analysis of Ministerial Turnover in the German Länder (1990-2010)
analysis, I model the different determinants of ministerial turnover according to the type of terminal event. I proceed as follows. The next section reviews existing works on executive elites with a particular focus on ministerial tenure and puts them in
the current refugee crisis and the one in the 1930s and the ready invocation of the Kindertransport as a model response is evidence of its valence in national narratives of migration. According to Lord Sachs, the Kindertransport was ‘a simple