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Christian Ewert

here), but a common Belgium identity has not formed as much. Lacey contrasts this with Switzerland, a country in which he does find a common national identity despite the many languages spoken in the national voting space. He infers from this the

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African Dawn

Keïta Fodéba and the Imagining of National Culture in Guinea

Andrew W. M. Smith

’s “First Republic” from 1958 to 1984 tend to focus on the prominent role of the country’s bombastic leader, Sékou Touré. Furthermore, they draw out two notable characteristics of his regime: its successful creation of a strong national identity after

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The Will of the People?

Carl Schmitt and Jean-Jacques Rousseau on a Key Question in Democratic Theory

Samuel Salzborn

homogeneous “identity” in the sense of “identicalness” is the work of Carl Schmitt ( Mehring 2009 ; Voigt 2011 ). One step on the way toward Schmitt’s complete conceptual radicalization is represented by Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s antiliberal break with the

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Romanticizing Difference

Identities in Transformation after World War I

Nadia Malinovich

critical role that essentialist ideas about the relationship between language and national identity played in determining new political boundaries in Europe after World War I. The notion that a language represents the “soul” or volksgeist of a nation

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Tuuli Lähdesmäki, Sigrid Kaasik-Krogerus, and Katja Mäkinen

how they build their identities. These transformations have also shaken the foundations of the European Union and heightened criticism of its legitimacy and integration politics. The EU's attempts to enhance unity in Europe have commonly strengthened

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Constructing Difference and Imperial Strategy

Contrasting Representations of Irish and Zionist Nationalism in British Political Discourse (1917–1922)

Maggy Hary

reshuffle went hand in hand with a new discourse, most notably championed by US President Woodrow Wilson, which celebrated national identities and the right to self-determination. Across Western Europe, the neoromantic concept of the nation was intertwined

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Sovereignty versus Influence

European Unity and the Conceptualization of Sovereignty in British Parliamentary Debates, 1945–2016

Teemu Häkkinen and Miina Kaarkoski

Ever since the fourteenth century, the concept of sovereignty (in the sense of supreme authority) has been an essential element in state formation and national identity in Britain, and different views about the identity of Britain have influenced

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Scandinavianism

Mapping the Rise of a New Concept

Ruth Hemstad

Prussia and Russia, the pan-Scandinavian movement focused on a common Scandinavian identity and nationality. As in other (pan-)national movements, the same historical traditions and common, or at least kindred, languages together with cultural similarities

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Gender, Leadership and Representative Democracy

The Differential Impacts of the Global Pandemic

Kim Rubenstein, Trish Bergin, and Pia Rowe

Introduction The need for effective leadership is heightened during times of national crisis. What is more, the impact and effect of that leadership is not only in the capacity to make wise decisions, but also in the consequences for the

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A Fiction of the French Nation

The Émigré Novel, Nostalgia, and National Identity, 1797–1815

Mary Ashburn Miller

demonstrate the émigrés’ suitability for return and to alleviate anxieties about their reentry. Using these novels to understand how émigrés sought to win the trust of a nation that labeled them as traitors elucidates notions of identity and national belonging