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Menachem Begin’s World Travels in the 1950s

A Road to Political Legitimacy

Ofira Gruweis-Kovalsky

York. 15 Although Begin sought to downplay the role of Israeli diplomats, blaming the WZO and the Jewish Agency instead, his criticism of the Israeli leadership was nonetheless implicit. Shmuel Bendor, head of the Western Europe desk at the Israeli

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Making Sense of the Remote Areas

Films and Stories from a Tundra Village

Petia Mankova

nature in the village could be as mysterious as outside the village. However, in their imagination, the villagers incorporated strong references to Western European popular mythological creatures, such as the Loch Ness monster. These elements are not

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Israel’s Recent Unionizing Drives

The Broader Social Context

Jonathan Preminger

, and Richard Hyman . 2013 . Trade Unions in Western Europe: Hard Times, Hard Choices . Oxford : Oxford University Press . Haberfeld , Yitchak . 1995 . “ Why Do Workers Join Unions? The Case of Israel .” Industrial and Labor Relations Review

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The Determination of Educational Policy

Shas, Politics, and Religion

Anat Feldman

in Spain.” Social Forces 94 : 237 – 269 . Foner , Nancy , and Richard Alba . 2008 . “ Immigrant Religion in the U.S. and Western Europe: Bridge or Barrier to Inclusion? ” International Migration Review 42 ( 2 ): 360 – 392 . 10.1111/j

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Ephraim Yuchtman-Yaar, Yasmin Alkalay, and Tom Aival

religion’s role in the modern era is that while religion is weakening in certain locales, such as Western Europe, in others, such as the United States, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and the Muslim world, religion has not only maintained its hold, but has

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Noa Hazan and Avital Barak

inhabitants. Seeking a secure livelihood, all photographers, without exception, adopted the style and themes of the oriental illustrations already consonant with the visual codes accepted by Western European society of the time. Inter alia, these codes marked

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Liberalism in Israel

Between the ‘Good Person’ and the ‘Bad Citizen’

Menachem Mautner

to come to Palestine. The overwhelming majority selected other destinations—the United States, South Africa, Latin America, and Western Europe ( Shafir and Peled 2002 ). As for the Jews who stayed in Europe, the majority were exterminated in the

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Gender and Empire

The Imprisonment of Women in Eighteenth-Century Siberia

Gwyn Bourlakov

intellectual and literary salons in Russia began in the eighteenth century as an outgrowth of Peter I's desire to reform or “modernize” Russian elite society to mirror the salon culture of Western Europe. 25 Horace Dewey, “Suretyship and Collective

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Pamela Ballinger and Kristen P. Ghodsee

Scholars of religion have increasingly brought secularism within the framework of critical studies of spirituality, analyzing the dialogic relationship between religions and secularisms past and present. This emerging field of “postsecularist” studies examines the multiple meanings and practices that different cultures and societies attach to the concepts of “religion,” “faith,” and “piety.” The articles presented in this special section of Aspasia contribute to these larger academic debates by focusing on the multiethnic and historically pluralistic region of Southeastern Europe, an area too often ignored in larger scholarly discussions that have focused primarily on Western Europe and the so-called Third World. More important, the articles in this volume demonstrate how secularization projects are intricately interwoven with gender relations in any given society. Collectively, the articles urge readers to draw connections between the shifting spiritual cartographies, state formations, and definitions of appropriate masculinity and femininity of particular Southeastern European societies.

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From West to East

International Women's Day, the First Decade

Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild

The year 2010 was the centennial of Clara Zetkin's proposal for an annual women's holiday, which became known as International Women's Day, and 2011 was the centennial of its first celebrations. The first ten years of the holiday's existence were a particularly tumultuous time in world history, with the advent of World War I, revolutionary upheavals in some of the major combatant countries, and the demise of the German, Habsburg, Ottoman, and Russian empires. During this time, International Women's Day celebrations quickly gained great popularity, and in 1917 sparked the February Russian Revolution. This article focuses on the development of the holiday from its U.S. and Western European origins and goal of women's suff rage, to its role in empowering Russian women to spark a revolution, and its re-branding as a Soviet communist celebration. Special attention is paid to the roles of two prominent international socialist women leaders, Zetkin and Alexandra Kollontai, in shaping the holiday's evolution.