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Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft

The Reception of a Conceptual Dichotomy

Niall Bond

Ferdinand Tönnies's oeuvre Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft, published in 1887, has been seminal for the social and human sciences in general, and is no less interesting for intellectual historians and theoreticians of concept formation in particular. Tönnies subscribed to the belief that terms could be rendered less ambiguous, defining the words Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft more narrowly than their contemporary usage. In so doing, he sought to reconcile a heterogeneous agenda initially consisting in offering a diagnosis of vast historical developments and later consisting in providing heuristic tools to analyze individual relationships. This article examines the origins of the concepts and their politicized transformation prior to and subsequent to the publication of his work. As such, it takes on the transformation of Gemeinschaft during the romantic era and its revival by Germany's nationalist right wing and contrasts it with its appropriation by left-leaning communitarian movements in the English-speaking world. The polysemy of the terms in the German language accounts for their semantic evolution, for amalgamations of meanings within Tönnies's conceptual system, and for conundrums in translating the work into English or French. Although the terms were erroneously supposed to have been immediately applicable as ideal types, their adaptation, inter alia by Max Weber or by Talcott Parsons in the form of pattern variables, has been important in the reception of Tönnies's work in the social sciences.

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Revisiting the Menkiti-Gyekye Debate

Who Is a Radical Communitarian?

Motsamai Molefe

An opinion has gained ground in African philosophy that Ifeanyi Menkiti is a radical communitarian (Gyekye 1992 , 1997 ; Matolino 2009; Metz 2012) . Kwame Gyekye, an influential African philosopher, was first to identify what he referred to as a

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Guest Editors’ Introduction

Resisting Liberalism in Israel—the Case of Marginalized Mizrahim

Nissim Mizrachi and Menachem Mautner

: those who wish to fight for democracy and civil rights, on the one side, and those who prefer communitarian, traditionalist, and religious values, on the other—a division that highly correlates with the ongoing tension between the democratic and the

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Nagas as a ‘Society against Voting?’

Consensus-Building, Party-less Politics and a Culturalist Critique of Elections in Northeast India

Jelle J. P. Wouters

gains are at issue’. What legal and procedural codes of representative democracy and party politics disrupted was the communitarian and political commensality of village life, whose ideals of communal harmony, consensus-building and complimentary

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A Call to Action

Creativity and Black Girlhood

Crystal Leigh Endsley

-feminist poetic and communitarian politic centered in Black women's and girls’ creativity” (11). In other words, we must hear, as her title suggests, because her call to action is centered on creativity and, as readers, we are interpellated into the process. From

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Hebrew Literature in the ‘World Republic of Letters’

Translation and Reception, 1918–2018

Yael Halevi-Wise and Madeleine Gottesman

depend on a Jewish readership, as it does in the United States, but rather on a preoccupation with a region to which Britain had historical ties, especially during the Mandate era ( Donahaye 2011: 17–18 ). In France, the initial communitarian interest

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Sociology in the Garden

Beyond the Liberal Grammar of Contemporary Sociology

Nissim Mizrachi

a regressive turn that is no longer possible (ibid.). 16 Going beyond the liberal grammar, my attempt to provide an initial theoretical direction has benefited from ideas taken from the philosophical and communitarian literature that emerged in

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A Woman of Valor Goes to Court

Tort Law as an Instrument of Social Change under Multiculturalism

Ella Glass and Yifat Bitton

embodies communitarianism, religiosity, and Orthodox ideology, while the other signifies liberalism, secularism, and atomistic ideology ( Mautner 2011 ). The ‘Immanuel affair’, which represents this contention, gave rise to two lawsuits dealing with

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Constanza Parra and Frank Moulaert

the younger generations born and educated in regional cities or even in the capital Santiago, they became places to (re)imagine a remote utopian past of Indian communitarian life. In the words of an interviewee with indigenous blood, San Pedro de

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Cosmopolitan Politesse

Goodness, Justice, Civil Society

Nigel Rapport

( Jackson 2004: 153 ; Rapport 2010 ). ‘Justice’ in other words, to continue with Rorty’s terminology, would seem to me an everyday felt and rationalised reality held in contradistinction to ‘loyalty’. The human dimension and the communitarian one abut