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Mark S. Micale

that were signed. He also reminds us that, at the dawn of the nuclear age in the mid-1940s, the Manhattan Project helped the free world defeat both German fascism and Japanese imperialism. Unavoidably, our retrospective analysis of the Cold War reflects

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Romanticizing Difference

Identities in Transformation after World War I

Nadia Malinovich

: “What is this absurd dream, to implant Western science, Western thinking on Mount Scopus?” he asked rhetorically. 6 His response, which drew on the ideas of the German Jewish philosopher Martin Buber and the French Jewish orientalist scholar Sylvain

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Frank Battaglia

temper, is also represented at Spong Hill. The custom had been attested between 175 and 325 CE on the Danish island Funen adjacent to the Angeln homeland in north Germany. The practice derived from matrilineal Germanic religious traditions probably

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“Give Me Back My Son!”

Eleanor of Aquitaine, Emotion Talk, and the Gendering of Political Rhetoric

Linda E. Mitchell

, but that few discuss in detail: Eleanor’s rhetorical use of emotion in her letters, specifically those presumably written to Pope Celestine III during her son Richard I’s captivity in Germany in 1192–1194. The provenance and purpose of the letters has

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

opposition. 19 Society more broadly shows the same mixed picture. The Russian nobility and merchant class were absorbing European etiquette and Enlightenment values, and several imperial elites—Ukrainian noblemen and Cossacks, Polish noblemen, Baltic German

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Constructing Difference and Imperial Strategy

Contrasting Representations of Irish and Zionist Nationalism in British Political Discourse (1917–1922)

Maggy Hary

war context and the diplomatic alliances that Britain was looking to cultivate at the time. After the United States declared war on Germany in April 1917, Balfour was appointed to lead the British War Mission in the United States. Although this

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“Till I Have Done All That I Can”

An Auxiliary Nurse’s Memories of World War I

Michelle Moravec

Alma A. Clarke set sail for France on 16 January 1918. The SS Espagne , which carried civilians when not serving as troop transport, traveled without a protective convoy although Germans had sunk 182 ships the month before. Clarke remained in

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The Past as a Foreign Country

Bioarchaeological Perspectives on Pinker’s “Prehistoric Anarchy”

Linda Fibiger

later agricultural groups through DNA analysis, such as at Eulau in Germany. 20 Nor can potential for some degree of social ranking, prestige, or leadership be disregarded. 21 Again, we cannot really rely on this concept to be accurate for all the

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Whitewashing History

Pinker’s (Mis)Representation of the Enlightenment and Violence

Philip Dwyer

Germany, 1600–1987 (London: Penguin, 1996), 135, 214, 193–196, 225–226; and Mark Hewitson, Absolute War: Violence and Mass Warfare in the German Lands, 1792–1820 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), 128–131. 16 Matthew White, “‘Rogues of the Meaner

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Katherine Weikert and Elena Woodacre

Mesley, “Why German Bishops Could Not be Saved: Clerical Masculinities in the Works of Caesarius of Heisterbach” (paper presented at the Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, University of Winchester, January 9–11, 2014). 3 Katherine Weikert, “Closing