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The Many Faces of the State

Living in Peace and Conflict in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh

Nasir Uddin and Eva Gerharz

distribution of jhum fields. The postcolonial trend away from a traditional economic system, spurred by modernization and development efforts, has led to class divisions. Although mechanisms that generated poverty had already been present in traditional local

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Emergent Police States

Racialized Pacification and Police Moralism from Rio's Favelas to Bolsonaro

Tomas Salem and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen

ethnographic practice by extensively engaging with Brazilian scholars and by highlighting the role of transnational discourses of modernization in legitimizing state violence. This article is the product of eight months of participant observation with the

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Steven Brooke, Dafne Accoroni, Olga Ulturgasheva, Anastasios Panagiotopoulos, Eugenia Roussou, Francesco Vacchiano, Jeffrey D. Howison, Susan Greenwood, Yvonne Daniel, Joana Bahia, Gloria Goodwin Raheja, Charles Lincoln Vaughan, Katrien Pype, and Linda van de Kamp

in the context of larger social and political debates—the British occupation of Egypt, the failure of Arab ‘civilization’ to modernize, the Eastern Question, pan-Arabism, and the prospect of an ‘Arab renaissance’—that Spencer and, to a lesser extent

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J. D. Y. Peel

Marloes Janson, Wale Adebanwi, David Pratten, Ruth Marshall, Stephan Palmié, Amanda Villepastour, and J. D. Y. Peel

Edited by Richard Fardon and Ramon Sarró

conversations about it. Iconoclasm was an element of state-promoted modernization in Guinea, a topic Sarró discussed extensively at the time with other country experts, notably Christian Højbjerg (2007) and Mike McGovern (2013) , who wrote their own