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Massimo Bordignon and Gilberto Turati

In respect of fiscal decentralization, the year 2007, and more generally

the Parliament, saw some progress, above all in relation to the regulation

of intergovernmental pacts, legislative proposals, and the institutional

relationship between different levels of government. There

were also some failures, particularly with regard to the continual intervention

by the central government in the matter of local taxes. The

year also saw the emergence of substantial problems in relation to

local debt. These had been on the increase in recent years, partly as

a consequence of the introduction of new financial instruments and

partly because of explosive growth in some areas of local expenditure,

notably in the health sector. The central government tackled some

of these problems effectively—for example, those in areas affected

by the new norms on infrastructure and the Health Pact—while its

approach toward others was ineffectual. In general, the difficulties and

internal contradictions of the parliamentary majority constrained its

legislative capacity, opening up the possibility that its more innovative

proposals—in particular, those relating to the constitutional reform of

2001—would not be implemented.

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Book Reviews

Hegelianisms without Metaphysics?

David James, Bahareh Ebne Alian, and Jean Terrier

actualisation (or realisation) through its objectification in ethical, legal, social and political norms and the institutions that embody these norms. Hegel's philosophy of objective spirit has been classed as reactionary because of his claim in the preface to

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Nancy S. Love, Sanford F. Schram, Anthony J. Langlois, Luis Cabrera, and Carol C. Gould

protections for individual rights from violations by other people and the state, Gould defends rights as “cosmopolitan moral and social norms” that set—or should set—the “goals for transnational institutions of social, political, and economic life” (6). Gould

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Edited by Raili Marling

punitive organizations, but also, most significantly, from women’s oral histories. The war intensified the control of women’s bodies and especially their sexuality, and violence against women who were perceived as transgressing norms was a widespread form

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Melissa Feinberg

revolutionaries who wanted to break decisively with traditions of all kinds. To what extent, Bucur asks, did their activities include a rebellion against traditional gender norms? This is not a question most historians of modernism have found important. Yet, Bucur

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Empire and Economics

Decolonising Colonialism and Its Legacies in Africa

Edited by Lawrence Hamilton

enlightening histories, concepts, fields and methods of inquiry. Second, dominant norms and methods of Western political theory have obscured empirical contexts by over-emphasising, on one hand, the historical significance of nationalism, liberalism and so on

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Relational Ethics and Partiality

A Critique of Thad Metz’s ‘Towards an African Moral Theory’

Motsamai Molefe

norm, some basic value like utility or dignity, in virtue of which one can differentiate between (what all) right and/or wrong actions have in common (321). His normative theory is ‘relational’, as opposed to individualist, 2 insofar as it ultimately

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The Will of the People?

Carl Schmitt and Jean-Jacques Rousseau on a Key Question in Democratic Theory

Samuel Salzborn

,” so that selfishness becomes the norm and mob rule overrides “the will of the people.” For Schmitt, parliamentarianism is the antithesis of democracy, which for him, as for Rousseau, means absolute homogeneity of the community as well as identity

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Public Health in Eastern Europe

Visible Modernization and Elusive Gender Transformation

Evguenia Davidova

, which are a major primary source, in addition to medical articles and some doctors’ memoirs (no women, though). In general, most of the reports were critical and highlighted failures to observe sanitary norms. According to Barbulescu, the negativity of

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Women and War in the Balkans

A Comparative Review Essay

Maria Bucur

quite disappointing is in the author's repeated shyness in drawing broader conclusions about the state of Romanian society during that time in terms of gender norms. I find the following example most telling: In describing the efforts of volunteer nurses