Amidst a global turn towards authoritarianism and populism, there are few contemporary examples of state-led democratization. This article discusses how Uruguay’s Frente Amplio (FA) party has drawn on a unique national democratic cultural heritage to encourage a coupling of participatory and representative institutions in “a politics of closeness.” The FA has reinvigorated Batllismo, a discourse associated with social justice, civic republicanism, and the rise of Uruguayan social democracy in the early twentieth century. At the same time, the FA’s emphasis on egalitarian participation is inspired by the thought of Uruguay’s independence hero José Artigas. I argue that the cross-weave of party and movement, and of democratic citizenship and national heritage, encourages the emergence of new figures of the citizen and new permutations for connecting citizens with representative institutions. The FA’s “politics of closeness” is an example of how state-driven democratization remains possible in an age described by some as “post-democratic.”
This article considers the role of men in a form of feminist expression promoted in women's magazines and novels during the Belle Epoque. “Belle Epoque literary feminism,“ as I have termed it, was characterized by a desire to reconcile gender equality with traditional gender roles, outside of political channels; it was also, I argue, defined by male participation. Focusing on a widespread effort to modernize marriage, the article examines both men and women's discussions of marital equality in the influential women's magazines Femina and La Vie Heureuse; it then considers the role assigned to men in realizing feminist marriage in two popular women's novels, Marcelle Tinayre's La Rebelle and Louise Marie Compain's L'Un vers l'autre.
This article analyzes contemporary democracies from a deliberative democratic standpoint and focuses on the connection between public and empowered spaces. The idea of deliberative systems and the concept of “transmission” are introduced to discuss the ways in which the public is able to affect the empowered spaces. While elections perform important democratic functions, alone they cannot provide a good quality means for connecting deliberation in the public to that of actors in the empowered space. The problem with transmission is exacerbated to the extent that alternative forms of participation are neglected. The limited ability of the public to affect the empowered space in deliberative and democratic ways contributes to the crisis of democratic systems. One solution to this problem is to acknowledge the role of citizens' deliberation. The article argues for the systematic introduction of spaces for citizens' deliberation that would parallel existing decision-making.
Jeffrey D. Hilmer and Max Halupka
(fugitive democracy), and Chantal Mouffe (agonistic democracy) (131ff.). But they are not without their shortcomings. Participatory theory is increasingly conflated with deliberative theory, thus too narrowly defining political participation (158). It is
Nancy S. Love, Sanford F. Schram, Anthony J. Langlois, Luis Cabrera, and Carol C. Gould
—Transnational, Regional, and Global,” Gould explores possible sites for the creation of global publics. These include a fascinating discussion of “online networking” that considers proposals for e-voting, online deliberations, and other web-based participation. She also
Prospects for Democratizing Democracy
overcome by looking at the dialectics of democracy. For him democracy refers to a principle of societal self-regulation that has at its core the idea of reciprocal recognition of equality and equal rights to societal participation. During Western post
as a supranational polity, the EU encompasses a multitude of different nationalities, languages, religions, and traditions. On the one hand, the EU has created opportunities for political participation, with the election of the members of the European
On the Political and Ideological Implications of Capitalism's Subordination of Democracy
-3 ; Markoff 2014: 168 ). This situation understandably leads to a popular disenchantment with politics, which becomes manifest in low participation rates, especially among the poorest, least privileged segments of the population ( Markoff 2014: 119
What Democratic Theorists Can Learn from Democratic Professionals
Selen A. Ercan’s and Albert W. Dzur
say, “From this point onward, people seem to lose their trust in politicians and they seem to lose their trust to each other?” Dzur: That is a good question. I do not think that there is a golden age of participation. However, survey research on trust
. Recent issues of two academic journals, the Journal of Democracy and Democratic Theory , have been dedicated to the analysis of the crisis or decline of democracy ( Ercan and Gagnon 2014 ; Plattner 2015) . Drops in electoral participation and citizen