The article traces the reception of different strands of Republicanism in Brazil. French republicanism inspired authors such as Euclides da Cunha in his realization that a true Brazilian republic would only be achieved with the inclusion of its vast interior and its destitute population. But the reception of republicanism in Brazil also drew from Anglo-Saxon sources, which resulted also in an emphasis on the political nature of the community. American republicanism, with its conception of territorial expansion, land possession, and active economic participation added a further dimension to Brazilian republicanism. In particular, Teofilo Otoni's attempt to create a political community in the Mucury Valley was modeled after the ideals of American republicanism. Even if the Brazilian republicanism that emerged from the reception of these strands failed to impose its agenda over the political mainstream, it provided a unifying ideology for the opposition throughout the Second Empire and the First Republic, and still constitutes a source of inspiration for political reform and criticism.
The Tradition of Republicanism and the Agrarian Question in Brazil
Heloisa Maria Murgel Starling
The question in this article is how citizenship is reinvented and recontextualized in a newly founded European Union after the launching of Union Citizenship. What kind of conceptions of citizenship are produced in this new and evolving organization? The research material consists of documents presented by EU organs from 1994 to 2007 concerning eight EU programs on citizenship and culture. I will analyze conceptual similarities (continuities) and differences (discontinuities) between these documents and previous conceptualizations in various contexts, including citizenship discussions in the history of integration since the 1970s as well as theories of democracy and nation-states. Based on the analysis of participation, rights, and identity as central dimensions of citizenship, I will discuss the relationship of Union Citizenship to democracy and nationality.
This article analyzes contemporary democracies from a deliberative democratic standpoint and focuses on the connection between public and empowered spaces. The idea of deliberative systems and the concept of “transmission” are introduced to discuss the ways in which the public is able to affect the empowered spaces. While elections perform important democratic functions, alone they cannot provide a good quality means for connecting deliberation in the public to that of actors in the empowered space. The problem with transmission is exacerbated to the extent that alternative forms of participation are neglected. The limited ability of the public to affect the empowered space in deliberative and democratic ways contributes to the crisis of democratic systems. One solution to this problem is to acknowledge the role of citizens' deliberation. The article argues for the systematic introduction of spaces for citizens' deliberation that would parallel existing decision-making.
Jeffrey D. Hilmer and Max Halupka
(fugitive democracy), and Chantal Mouffe (agonistic democracy) (131ff.). But they are not without their shortcomings. Participatory theory is increasingly conflated with deliberative theory, thus too narrowly defining political participation (158). It is
Nancy S. Love, Sanford F. Schram, Anthony J. Langlois, Luis Cabrera, and Carol C. Gould
—Transnational, Regional, and Global,” Gould explores possible sites for the creation of global publics. These include a fascinating discussion of “online networking” that considers proposals for e-voting, online deliberations, and other web-based participation. She also
Prospects for Democratizing Democracy
overcome by looking at the dialectics of democracy. For him democracy refers to a principle of societal self-regulation that has at its core the idea of reciprocal recognition of equality and equal rights to societal participation. During Western post
as a supranational polity, the EU encompasses a multitude of different nationalities, languages, religions, and traditions. On the one hand, the EU has created opportunities for political participation, with the election of the members of the European
On the Political and Ideological Implications of Capitalism's Subordination of Democracy
-3 ; Markoff 2014: 168 ). This situation understandably leads to a popular disenchantment with politics, which becomes manifest in low participation rates, especially among the poorest, least privileged segments of the population ( Markoff 2014: 119
What Democratic Theorists Can Learn from Democratic Professionals
Selen A. Ercan’s and Albert W. Dzur
say, “From this point onward, people seem to lose their trust in politicians and they seem to lose their trust to each other?” Dzur: That is a good question. I do not think that there is a golden age of participation. However, survey research on trust
. Recent issues of two academic journals, the Journal of Democracy and Democratic Theory , have been dedicated to the analysis of the crisis or decline of democracy ( Ercan and Gagnon 2014 ; Plattner 2015) . Drops in electoral participation and citizen