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Jules Vallès and Séverine

Romantic Socialism and the Afterlife of a Cross-Sex Friendship in French Political Culture, 1880–1929

Michael Mulvey

, Séverine found employment as a secretary for the widow Madame Guebhard in Neuilly. The latter’s son, Adrien, a future professor of medicine, fell in love. Around 1880, Séverine gave birth to her second child in Brussels. Shortly afterward, Eugène Sémerie

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Matthew C. Eshleman, Eric Hamm, Curtis Sommerlatte, Adrian van den Hoven, Michael Lejman, and Diane Perpich

connecting the two kinds of approaches to art, and specifically their common employment, in the work of Jean-Michel Basquiat, of irony in fighting racism, grants existential art a kind of credibility in forcing important social change. A similar and fruitful

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Forget Forgiveness

On the Benefits of Sympathy for Political Reconciliation

Nir Eisikovits

The work of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission has generated a great deal of interest in the role of forgiveness in politics. More specifically, it has raised the question of whether forgiveness should be a constitutive part of reconciliation processes between groups. In this paper, I argue that it should not, and that it might be both more useful and more realistic to consider something like Adam Smith’s notion of ‘sympathy’ instead. The first part examines the arguments for and against policies promoting political forgiveness. The second part suggests sympathy as an alternative. The third part considers and rejects some objections to the employment of sympathy in this context.

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The Grammars of 'Power'

Between Contestation and Mediation

Mark Rigstad

In light of the pragmatic aspirations of ordinary language philosophy, this essay critically examines the competing grammatical strictures that are often set forth within the theoretical discourse of 'power'. It repudiates both categorically appraisive employments of 'power' and the antithetical urge to fully operationalize the concept. It offers an attenuated defense of the thesis that 'power' is an essentially contestable concept, but rejects the notion that this linguistic fact stems from conflict between antipodal ideological paradigms. Careful attention to the ordinary pragmatics of power-language evinces the prospects for integrating various context-specific aspects of power and mediating between traditionally divergent theoretical frameworks.

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Theorising Race

Imagining Possibilities

Kira Erwin and Gerhard Maré

This special issue emerges from a concern with academic practice around researching and theorising race, racialism and racism; particularly within the current theoretical climate in which race is, in the majority, accepted as a social construct. In public thinking and discourse, however, acceptance of the biological existence of races continues to dominate in many societies. Racial classification also continues in many state practices in South Africa such as the collection of racial demographics though the national census, and through countless private and public officials reporting towards government-stipulated race-based employment acts. These classification practices raise contradictions for the constitutional goal of non-racialism in South Africa. South Africa has also signed and ratified the International Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Professional Interest/Pages/CERD.aspx), which aims to eliminate racial discrimination in member states. The convention, to which member states are legally bound, raises a number of pressing issues that, to date, are not present in a wider national debate on the continued use of race in South African state policy. For example, there is little recognition by the state of the difficulties associated with identifying a targeted group based on race, nor clarity as to whether these groups are identified through markers based on phenotype, or socio-economic or cultural differences. Nor is there open discussion on the use of terms such as fair and unfair discrimination and how they relate to terms such as distinction and differentiation (see Bossuyt 2000), and the legal consequences of using such terms.

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Introduction

Cultural Heritages and Their Transmission

Elizabeth C. Macknight

Vista is an association that supports the employment of people engaged in vocational pathways in the building trades. 14 In Romania, the Mihai Eminescu Trust incorporates education in building skills as part of its “Whole Village Concept.” 15 The

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Lawrence Hamilton

. 10.1017/CBO9780511487415 Hamilton , L. 2014 . Freedom Is Power: Liberty through Political Representation . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . 10.1017/CBO9781107477698 Keynes , J. M. 1936 . The General Theory of Employment, Interest

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Coda — Pandemic Brexit

Cancelling the Political Future

Bill Schwarz

that postwar administrations would have to address. At the same time, Maynard Keynes completed an initial blueprint for launching full employment and social security, insisting also that the government must be determined, this time around, to avoid

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Migration to the “First Large Suburban Ghetto” in America

Korean Immigrant Merchants in South Central Los Angeles in the 1980s

Chanhaeng Lee

expected. Unlike Filipinos and Asian Indians, Korean immigrants tended to have low levels of English language proficiency, which impacted their employment opportunities and income. Finally, their unfamiliarity with American customs also severely hampered

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Teppo Eskelinen

wider society but also personally. People are usually protected from ‘traditional’ kinds of risks or ‘social risks’ (incapacity of employment because of old age, illness, and so on) by means of some institutional arrangement, which can take many forms