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Getting Medieval on Steven Pinker

Violence and Medieval England

Sara M. Butler

existence.” 1 In a sketch from Das Mittelalterliche Hausbuch (The medieval housebook) depicting what Pinker describes as a scene from daily life, warlords terrorize the lower classes: “a peasant is stabbed by a soldier; above him, another peasant is

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Pious Women in a “Den of Scorpions”

The Piety and Patronage of the Eleventh-Century Countesses of Brittany

Amy Livingstone

,” Alan also gave “his most precious treasure,” his sister Adele, as abbess. 19 Alan’s endowment of St. Georges in and of itself was not unusual among his class. Founding religious houses garnered respect and demonstrated the piety of the donors. But there

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From Act to Fact

The Transformation of Suicide in Western Thought

Daniel Gordon

not suicide should be classed among the actions permitted by morality or among those proscribed by it.” Durkheim takes a kind of natural-law approach to this inquiry. He affirms that all religions have prohibited suicide and that it has met with

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Frans Ciappara

.” 91 The accompanying festivities heightened parish priests’ status, which in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was also expressed by the comfortable middle-class parsonages that in some parishes, like the Annunciation Tarxien, were built anew

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An Intellectual Genealogy of the Revolt against “Esprit de Système”

From the Renaissance to the Early Enlightenment

Jeffrey D. Burson

ruling classes questioned why the revival of ancient civic virtue had availed them only warfare, civic factionalism, despotism, and a new wave of “barbarian” invasions during the Habsburg-Valois Wars (1494–1558). 4 But, the waning Renaissance of the

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American Women in the Vittel Internment Camp

Religions, Morality, and Culture

Page Dougherty Delano

This article is a study of the complex social environment within the Vittel internment camp in eastern France during World War II. The Germans arrested some two thousand British women and then nearly three hundred American women of different class backgrounds, religions, political beliefs, and national affiliations, who were placed in the hotels of this spa town. The Vittel internment camp also became the temporary home of around three hundred Jews from the Warsaw ghetto, who claimed to possess American and South American citizenship. Most of these Jews were sent to their deaths at Auschwitz. Drawing on memoirs, letters, Red Cross reports, and scattered histories, this article explores the interactions, resistance, and prejudices of camp inhabitants. It argues that American women’s behavior was guided less by religious beliefs than one might expect in the context of the 1940s.

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Must Labour Lose?

The 1959 election and the politics of the people

Charlotte Lydia Riley

reinvigorated in 1960 by the editor Tony Godwin. 11 The Penguin Specials have been characterized as emblematic of a particular class of public opinion and constitutive of elite and popular attitudes. 12 Dean Blackburn highlights how the books were believed to

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When Was Brexit? Reading Backward to the Present

Antoinette Burton

voted the way they did and what it meant for political elites in a world with shifting class identities and alliances. While the original text largely sidesteps questions of race and empire, Riley insists that we read backward through those critical

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Porscha Fermanis

working-class uplift” behind Tory popularism. 7 Brexit has accordingly been portrayed by both the Left and the Right as a working-class response to a sense of crisis about the ways in which globalization amplifies inequality and/or as “a rebellion against

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Antoinette Burton

determine the meaning of Barbara Pym have failed to acknowledge the racial underpinnings of that Little Englandism, thereby allowing the crisis of Whiteness in Quartet in Autumn to pass unremarked on. That crisis was equally class-based and rooted in the