altar, as incense burning was forbidden within the apartments. Besides, the white, immaculate walls would have soon turned black and smoky. Because of these safety and aesthetic norms, some families had resolved to leave without the material cultural
Regulating technologies, authority, and aesthetics in the resettlement of Taipei military villages
Trump, Le Pen, and the New Normal
across the range of American political institutions. Republicans now control both Houses of Congress, thirty-three governorships, and thirty-two state legislatures. 30 Rules and norms, already battered, have been further eroded, notably in the Senate
The Myth of a Long ‘Special Relationship’
Kilic Bugra Kanat
Israel for acting arbitrarily without regard for international laws and norms. 25 All major state institutions and leaders in this period, regardless of their ideological or political affinity, criticized Israel’s handling of the conflict and the use of
‘Race’ in US American Language
categorize humans by ‘race’ following customary American linguistic norms. So what compels this triumph of culture? I surveyed eight textbooks for their use of race, and all of them show similar tendencies. Three of them are treated here: Culture , by Lisa
Sophia Yablonska's Travelogues in the History of Modern Ukrainian Literature
always correspond to established norms and patterns, were also “a recognition of and a response to the fact that definitions of achievements are often idiosyncratic and reflections of current ideology” and inspired “rethinking the usual criteria for
MOOCs, academic labour and the future of the university
Michael A. Peters
transparency and the norms of open inquiry. It might even foster democracy itself as both the basis of the logic of inquiry and the dissemination of results are based on a concept of the open society and open government that aims to promote strong citizenship
Statists claim that robust egalitarian distributive norms only apply between the citizens of a common state. Attempts to defend this claim on nationalist grounds often appeal to the 'associative duties' that citizens owe one another in virtue of their shared national identity. In this paper I argue that the appeal to co-national associative duties in order to defend the statist thesis is unsuccessful. I first develop a credible theory of associative duties. I then argue that although the associative theory can explain why the members of a national community should abide by egalitarian norms, it cannot show that people have a duty to become or to continue as a member of a national community in the first place. The possibility that citizens might exercise their right to reject their national membership undermines the state's ability justifiably to coerce compliance with egalitarian distributive norms and, ultimately, the statist claim itself.
Performativity, Subversion and the AIDS Poetry of Rafael Campo and Mark Doty
According to Judith Butler, gender, although seemingly essential and fixed, is a series of corporeal acts and gestures which iterate or repeat cultural norms. She argues, in fact, that it is the very citationality of gender that makes it appear natural, inherent and internal. Drawing on Jacques Derrida’s ‘Signature, Event, Context’, an article which argues that the performative speech act is not a singular act but instead ‘a reiteration of a norm or set of norms’, Butler therefore poses the notion of gender as ‘performative’. She is always quick to point out that this does not mean gender is performance, in the sense of being a conscious and optional act. In an Althusserian vein, Butler instead sees the subject as compelled and interpellated into subjectivity through the compulsory imitation and continual citation of gender. Drag, according to Butler, reveals this performativity by its parodic play on gender roles, and she argues that drag can serve a ‘subversive function’
Michael Kokozos and Nora Gross
Deirdre Fishel (dir). 2012. The Boy Game. [videorecording]. [Harriman, NY]: New Day Films. Mind’s Eye Productions. 16 min.
Steven Brion-Meisels and Maura Clarke. The Boy Game: A Look at Bullying Through the Lens of Masculine Gender Norms. A Study Guide to Accompany the Film. N.d., PDF, 65 pp.
The word 'identity' actually means 'absolute sameness'. Here, one speaks of 'self identity' or 'social identity'. Sharon Macdonald describes social identity as 'allegiance to people, group and often, place and past'. With regard to this topic we would rather say that identity is the process of assimilating to a norm regarded as given and static.