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Félix Germain

discrimination at home, viewed Germany as an educational mecca. 10 By the end of the First World War, however, Paris had become the center of gravity for Americans looking for intellectual enrichment. 11 But few people could afford this luxury. Traveling to

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The Other House

The Secondary Residence in Postwar France

Sarah Farmer

’s humiliating defeat by Germany in 1940, four years of occupation and collaboration had drained the country of its economic resources and moral stature. Under the leadership of men such as Jean Monnet, the Commissariat général au plan fostered coordination

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Eric Jennings, Hanna Diamond, Constance Pâris de Bollardière, and Jessica Lynne Pearson

it sought to realise many of the goals for which they had fought so violently in the 1930s. However, as they came to understand that Pétain was not working secretly with de Gaulle to oppose the Nazis, the realities of the German Occupation led many of

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Suzanne Berger

threaten to wipe out the centrist and social democratic politics of the postwar world. Brexit in England, the election of Donald Trump in the United States, the rise of AfD (Alternative for Germany), the National Front in France and Five Stars in Italy all

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Owen White and Elizabeth Heath

Imperial Germany (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010). 9 For a sense of the scholarly work in this field, see Jonathan Curry-Machado, ed., Global Histories, Imperial Commodities, Local Interactions (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013). 10

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Republican Imperialisms

Narrating the History of “Empire” in France, 1885–1900

Christina Carroll

reputation of both Napoleon III and Bonapartism. The conflict left France territorially dismembered and in debt to Germany, and it also brought about a political revolution and civil war that left deep internal divisions. In the wake of this destruction

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From Political Fringe to Political Mainstream

The Front National and the 2014 Municipal Elections in France

Gabriel Goodliffe

groundwork for EMU. Initially conceived by Mitterrand as a means to tie a reunified Germany to France within Europe, the Maastricht criteria were seen by the Rocard, Cresson, and Bérégovoy governments (1988 to 1993) as means for improving the internal

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Richard Ivan Jobs, Judith Surkis, Laura Lee Downs, Nimisha Barton, and Kimberly A. Arkin

Suzanne, and Senghor’s military service and imprisonment by the Germans. They point to how poetry came to inform both thinkers’ interest in the politics of time and their pursuit of hybrid political as well as literary forms. The third chapter focuses more

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After the Party

Trump, Le Pen, and the New Normal

Anne Sa’adah

-colonial behavior.” Liberals constitute a “secular-socialist machine” that is “as great a threat to America as Nazi Germany or the Soviet Union.” There is “a gay and secular fascism in this country that wants to impose its will on the rest of us” and “is prepared to

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The Gallic Singularity

The Medieval and Early Modern Origins

Tracy Adams

, and Literary Engagement with the Paradox Chrétien de Troyes's Chevalier de la charrette ( The Knight of the Cart , ca. 1180) brought the immortal pair Lancelot and Guinevere together as lovers for the first time. The characters existed in the German