interagency groups to undertake the task of embedding social, behavioral, and economic tools into policy and governance. As a result, the US Department of the Interior (DOI), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Federal Emergency Management Agency
Victoria C. Ramenzoni and David Yoskowitz
bounded states is higher. Hence, CBC refers to activities that can contribute to overcoming conflicts and maintaining peace and stability ( Stetter et al., 2004 ). Presently the basic logic of governance is “that an effective society requires some set of
Romanian Migrants’ Leveraging of British Self-Employment
, in the spirit of classical liberalism, have coincided with a marketization of governance, in the spirit of neo-classical economics ( Ganti 2014 ; Makovicky 2016 ). Across ethnographies of work ( Chelcea 2015 ; Urciuoli 2008 ) and job seeking
Commons, Contested Resources, and Contact Zones in the High Arctic
property rights and responsibilities by a particular group or community. Such governance may have been invisible to southern visitors in the vast High Arctic landscape, where people were always few and the hunting grounds spread out on what seemed a
Canada and Airport Refugee Claimants in the 1980s
modern era, focusing particularly on the history of the passport and its subtle but integral connections to race and citizenship. 14 In Canada, these dynamics prevailed in the post-Confederation period as authorities turned to various governance tools
Margaret D. Lecompte
This article describes how different constituencies in a major research university tried to initiate change despite disagreements over common goals, norms and principles. The context was a culture war. The university administration wanted to impose a corporatising and privatising philosophy which it felt was crucial to preserving the university's academic integrity and its financial survival in a time of budgetary crisis. Faculty viewed these actions as serious threats to shared governance, faculty control over the curriculum, instruction and research, academic freedom and the faculty's constitutional rights. These forces played out in the firing and grievance cases of Ward Churchill and Adrienne Anderson, professors whose research and publications angered members of the political and academic establishment and galvanised protests pro and con from the media, conservative politicians and public intellectuals.
Governing migration through paperwork
Lisa Marie Borrelli and Sophie Andreetta
In order to better understand migration governance and the concrete, daily practices of civil servants tasked to enforce state laws and policies, this special issue focuses on the core artefact of bureaucratic work: documents, in their diverse manifestations, including certificates, letters, reports, case files, decisions, internal guidelines and judgements. Based on ethnographic studies in various contexts, we show how civil servants produce statehood, restrict migrants’ movements, and engage with migrants’ strategies to make themselves legible. State actors simultaneously limit access to legal statutes and benefits, question their own practices, and use their discretion in order to help themselves as well as migrant individuals. We also highlight organisational and professional differences in the way civil servants deal with migrants, relate to the state and its policies and define their obligations towards both, migrants and the state. This special issue therefore contributes to the study of the state as documentary practice and highlights the role of paperwork as serious practice of migration control.
Perspectives from a Century of Water Resources Development
Clive Agnew and Philip Woodhouse
The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the influential Stern Report both reinforce the warming of the earth's climate system. The alarming environmental, social, and economic consequences of this trend call for immediate action from individuals, institutions, and governments. This article identifies parallels between the problem of adaptive management presented by climate change and an earlier 'global water crisis'. It explores how adaptive strategies have successively emphasized three different principles, based on science, economics, and politics/institutions. The article contends that the close association between climate change and water resources development enables a comparative analysis to be made between the strategies that have been adopted for the latter over the last 100 years. It argues that the experience of water resources development suggests a strong interdependence between the three principles and concludes that conceptualizing them as different dimensions of a single governance framework is necessary to meet the challenge of climate change adaptation.
GMOs—Global objects of contention
Genetically modified organisms in agriculture have become objects of contention, crystallizing some of today’s major political and social controversies. As human-made objects that are alive and have agency, they invite the anthropologist to follow their trajectories and to analyze the power relationships and political economies of meaning in which they are inscribed. Taking as a point of departure Hans Jonas’s principle of responsibility for the unknown effects of technological developments, this article questions why a culture of urgency is attached to GMOs in spite of the unpredictable consequences that may arise when they are set free into the environment. As naturally reproducing objects that have intellectual property rights attached to them they raise issues of political governance and of economic power and control. They provoke not only repertoires of contention but also silences that speak about the link between technology and policy in con- temporary societies.
À la croisée de la gouvernance environnementale et de la gestion des risques
Aurélien Allouche and Laurence Nicolas
*Full article is in French
English abstract: For a long time the area known as the Camargue (France) had conciliated the different rights related to water uses solely by adjusting its hydraulic system. The limits of this system were shown by the floods that occurred in 1993 that forced the governance paradigm to coordinate actors' rights related to water uses in the public space, and, at the same time, to elaborate new ways of acting upon the hydraulic system. This evolution presents nevertheless the risk to prioritize the plurality of rights, to manage the plurality of technical and natural constraints, and to render essential the movement out of public space of the treatment of data and technical constraints entering the adjustment of the system. Recent initiatives within governance attempt, conversely, to dissociate the space for the expression of rights linked to water from that for actions. By doing so, this inflection allows for profit-sharing and mobilization in the part of the system which other forms of participation had difficulty implicating. However, other problems arise, such as the intersection between the public and the private spheres or plurality between levels of management.
Spanish abstract: Durante mucho tiempo, la Camarga (Francia) ha conciliado los derechos relativos a los usos de agua a través de ajustes de su sistema hidráulico. Los límites de este sistema, puestos en evidencia por las inundaciones de 1993, han conducido al paradigma de gestión a manejar simultáneamente en el mismo espacio público la coordinación de derechos relativos a los usos de agua y las acciones sobre el sistema técnico. Sin embargo, esta evolución corre el riesgo de producir una jerarquía entre los derechos de los usos de agua para gestionar la diversidad de las limitaciones naturales y técnicas, y de desplazar fuera del espacio público una parte del procesamiento de datos y las limitaciones técnicas utilizadas en el ajuste del sistema. Por el contrario, recientes iniciativas en la gobernanza de este recurso están intentando separar el espacio de expresión de los derechos relacionados con el agua de las acciones. De este modo, este cambio permite generar interés y movilizar a una parte del sistema que las otras modalidades de acción no habían conseguido involucrar hasta ahora. Esta nueva reconfiguración no esta libre de desafíos, tales como aquellos generados por la intersección de la esfera pública y privada, por la pluralidad de niveles de gestión.
French abstract: La Camargue a longtemps concilié les droits liés à l’eau par des ajustements de son système hydraulique. Les limites de celui-ci, éclairées par les inondations de 1993, ont conduit le paradigme gestionnaire à mener dans le même espace public la coordination des droits et les actions à mener sur le système technique. Cette évolution présente cependant le risque de hiérarchiser la pluralité des droits, pour gérer la pluralité des contraintes techniques et naturelles, et de rendre indispensable le déplacement hors espace public d’une partie du traitement des données et des contraintes techniques entrant dans l’ajustement du système. De récentes initiatives au sein de la gouvernance tentent, au contraire, de dissocier l’espace de l’expression des droits liés à l’eau de celui des actions. Ce faisant, cette inflexion permet l’intéressement et la mobilisation de la partie du système que les autres modes d’action parvenaient mal à impliquer mais d’autres problèmes se posent, tels que l’intersection du public et du privé ou la pluralité des échelles de gestion.