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The “Moral Effect” of Legalized Lawlessness

Violence in Britain’s Twentieth-Century Empire

Caroline Elkins

liberalism and imperialism and, with it, a dominant narrative of universal human emancipation, equality, rights, and the civilizing mission that materialized simultaneously with an underbelly of repression as expressed in evolutionary thought, racism, class

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Ecaterina Lung

, what was considered the correct model of women’s behavior. 39 Agathias, too, underlines the abnormality of women sharing the same public space with men after the earthquake of 557: “Large numbers of women, and not just the members of the lower classes

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Mark S. Micale

perspective of a subjugated former colony, rather than from the vantage point of a conquering nation, how would it read? What good is the gradual decline of violence among certain classes of human beings in some regions of the globe if your own people, culture

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Getting Medieval on Steven Pinker

Violence and Medieval England

Sara M. Butler

existence.” 1 In a sketch from Das Mittelalterliche Hausbuch (The medieval housebook) depicting what Pinker describes as a scene from daily life, warlords terrorize the lower classes: “a peasant is stabbed by a soldier; above him, another peasant is

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Whitewashing History

Pinker’s (Mis)Representation of the Enlightenment and Violence

Philip Dwyer

really called into question. Neither apparently did the taste for viewing public executions and displayed bodies wane during this period. 15 On the contrary, there is some evidence to suggest that executions were popular across all social classes well

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A World in the Making

Discovering the Future in the Hispanic World

Javier Fernández-Sebastián

Translator : Mark Hounsell

future) would eventually become commonplace. The discrepancies between the way that time was experienced and imagined by the different classes or opinion groups that made up Spanish society would become a cause for concern. In a Barcelona journal, for

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On Counterrevolution

Semantic Investigations of a Counterconcept during the French Revolution

Friedemann Pestel

in a very broad sense, including the republican enemies of the constitution as legally enshrined by the Revolution. For him, this group was “a class that, animated by a spirit of Counterrevolution, wants to destroy the monarchical government

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Roberto Farneti

democratic failure or regress detail a variety of causal stories, from ethnic or religious fragmentation to class conflict, to creeping authoritarianism and radical polarization, but the final shortlist seems to pin down f and p as the two most likely

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Pious Women in a “Den of Scorpions”

The Piety and Patronage of the Eleventh-Century Countesses of Brittany

Amy Livingstone

,” Alan also gave “his most precious treasure,” his sister Adele, as abbess. 19 Alan’s endowment of St. Georges in and of itself was not unusual among his class. Founding religious houses garnered respect and demonstrated the piety of the donors. But there

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Translating the Concept of Experiment in the Late Eighteenth Century

From the English Philosophical Context to the Greek-Speaking Regions of the Ottoman Empire

Eirini Goudarouli and Dimitris Petakos

, gaining fortune and fame within the intellectual, religious, political, and social milieu. 6 During the eighteenth century, this “Western-educated” Greek-speaking intellectual elite and a newly emerging class of Greek-speaking merchants and artisans