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De la gestión local a la gobernanza global

Actores e interacciones multiniveles en la gestión del agua en la ciudad de México

Joyce Valdovinos

*Full article is in Spanish

English abstract: The provision of water services has traditionally been considered a responsibility of the state. During the late 1980s, the private sector emerged as a key actor in the provision of public services. Mexico City was no exception to this trend and public authorities awarded service contracts to four private consortia in 1993. Through consideration of this case study, two main questions arise: First, why do public authorities establish partnerships with the private sector? Second, what are the implications of these partnerships for water governance? This article focuses, on the one hand, on the conceptual debate of water as a public and/or private good, while identifying new trends and strategies carried out by private operators. On the other hand, it analyzes the role of the state and its relationships with other actors through a governance model characterized by partnerships and multilevel networks.

Spanish abstract: La provisión del servicio del agua ha sido tradicionalmente considerada como una responsabilidad del Estado. A finales de la década de 1980, el sector privado emerge como un actor clave en el suministro de servicios públicos. La ciudad de México no escapa a esta tendencia y en 1993 las autoridades públicas firman contratos de servicios con cuatro consorcios privados. A través de este estudio de caso, dos preguntas son planteadas: ¿Por qué las autoridades públicas establecen partenariados con el sector privado? ¿Cuáles son las implicaciones de dichos partenariados en la gobernanza del agua? Este artículo aborda por una parte, el debate conceptual del agua como bien público y/o privado, identificando nuevas tendencias y estrategias de los operadores privados. Por otra parte, se analizan el rol y las relaciones del Estado con otros actores a través de un modelo de gobernanza, definido en términos de partenariados y redes multi-niveles.

French abstract: Les services de l'eau ont été traditionnellement considérés comme une responsabilité de l'État. À la fin des années 1980, le secteur privé est apparu comme un acteur clé dans la fourniture de certains services publics. La ville de Mexico n'a pas échappé à cette tendance et en 1993, les autorités publiques ont signé des contrats de services avec quatre consortiums privés. À travers cette étude de cas, nous nous interrogerons sur deux aspects : pourquoi les autorités publiques établissentelles des partenariats avec le secteur privé ? Quelles sont les implications de ces partenariats sur la gouvernance de l'eau ? Cet article s'intéresse, d'une part, au débat conceptuel sur l'eau en tant que bien public et/ou privé, en identifiant les tendances nouvelles et les stratégies menées par les opérateurs privés. D'autre part y sont analysés le rôle de l'État et ses relations avec d'autres acteurs à travers un modèle de gouvernance, défini en termes de partenariats, et des réseaux multi-niveaux.

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Ecosystem integrity and policy coherence for development

Tools aimed at achieving balance as the basis for transformative development

Harlan Koff, Miguel Equihua Zamora, Carmen Maganda, and Octavio Pérez-Maqueo

development models. It is a scientific paradigm that fits the political needs of the present global development agenda focused on complex human–environmental interactions. Unlike methodologies traditionally referenced in policy debates, such as Integrated

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Eliana Elisabeth Diehl and Esther Jean Langdon

creation of an agency linked directly to the Ministry of Health; (2) a model of differentiated attention that respects the cultural particularities and traditional practices of each group; and (3) inclusion of community members in the planning

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Is there a link?

Japan’s internal cohesion and external conflict with neighbors

Robert W. Compton Jr.

exceptionalism when the socio-economic bases of legitimacy become so weakened. Previously, the cultural basis of economic growth defied conventional Western economic thought and became a basis for claims to Japanese models of economic development. As Hirata and

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demonstrates how sub-regional political economic models influence state performance in the arena of development cooperation. The third academic article presented here integrates a different vision of region-building in relation to social cohesion. In this

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Harlan Koff, Carmen Maganda, Philippe De Lombaerde, Edith Kauffer, and Julia Ros Cuellar

we applaud the author's call for further inclusiveness in this field. Former UNU-CRIS director Luk Van Langenhove then reflects on a social constructivist conceptual framework for regionalism studies and presents a typology and model of how citizens

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Regional and sub-regional effects on development policies

The Benelux and the Nordic countries compared

Lauri Siitonen

and Benelux countries are more likely to perceive economic pro-environmental instruments as effective ( Harring, 2014 ). Both sub-regional frameworks have played the role of a model, though in very different ways. In relation with the EU, the Benelux

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From proclamation to denial

Indigenous rights and political participation in Venezuela

Catherine Alès

other rights, such as the right to territory, to prior consultation, to indigenous special jurisdiction, and to develop one’s own societal model, which serve to promote self-government and autonomy 7 —these particular rights represent necessary

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The psychology of regions

A Vygotskian perspective

Luk Van Langenhove

be of relevance to the study of regions. In order to present Vygotsky's conceptual space and model, one can start by introducing two dimensions of localization of psychological and social phenomena. The first dimension is based upon the distinction

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John Agnew

multiplicative–contextual models of thinking in economics and regional planning was labeled in terms of the opposition between “place versus people prosperity.” I argued at the time that this oppositional distinction only made sense if people and places are