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Basil Kingstone

For over fifty years Francis Jeanson has been one of the world’s exemplary radical thinkers and actors. We Sartreans know him as the author of one of the earliest, and still most insightful, books on Sartre’s philosophy, Le Problème moral et la philosophie de Jean-Paul Sartre [Available in translation. See Sartre and the Problem of Morality, Bloomington, 1980], Sartre par lui-même, and Sartre dans sa vie, as well as of the review of Camus’ L’Homme révolté [The Rebel, New York, 1954] which instigated the Sartre/Camus break. Then came Algeria. As his biographer writes, “His intervention against the Algerian War shapes our collective destiny. Without Francis Jeanson, the resistance of French intellectuals to this colonial war would have been different” (Marie-Pierre Ulluoa, Francis Jeanson: un intellectuel en dissidence [Paris: Berg International, 2001], 244). At the beginning of the insurrection he and his first wife wrote a book about French colonialism and its effects on Algeria. He then organized the Jeanson network, the “porteurs des valises” who hid Algerian activists and deserters from the French army, and raised money for the FLN. In this role he lived underground for several years and was tried and sentenced in absentia to 10 years prison, a sentence which was only commuted at the end of the war. Jeanson was invited to Chalon-sur-Saône to direct its House of Culture and then worked as a philosopher participating in a continuing education program for psychiatrists in a mental hospital. He then returned to a small family house in Claouey, on the Bassin d’Arcachon, where he has continued to write and involve himself in such activities as the France-Sarajevo Association, which has encouraged a multi-ethnic Bosnia.

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Clarifying Liquidity

Keynes and Marx, Merchants, and Poets

Rolf Hugoson

mean by “liquidity”? How was this term adopted by their colleagues speaking German, French, or English? What does it mean to a twentieth-century economist? How did money come to flow? Attention to different periods and aims is a challenge but should

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Dangerous speculation

The appeal of pyramid schemes in rural Siberia

Leonie Schiffauer

of wealth appealed to millions of people who paid money into the schemes hoping that these investments would make them rich. Prominent politicians supported pyramid and Ponzi schemes in various places, claiming that they would help people manage their

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Edited by Graham Holderness and Bryan Loughrey

In October 2016, to mark the 400th anniversary of Shakespeare’s death, the Department of Philology, Literature, Linguistics of the University of Pisa organized a conference on the topic of ‘Shakespeare and Money’. This issue of Critical Survey

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David Hawkes

the next three centuries until, in the twentieth century, all pretence that money referred to a physical signified was finally abandoned along with the gold standard. Over the last twenty or thirty years, this progressive abstraction of financial

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Graham Holderness

’. ‘Continual prospering, is that men call felicity.’ 8 Happiness is having the good fortune to amass a fortune; a person in possession of a fortune must be fortunate. On the other hand, as St Paul said, ‘the love of money is the root of all evil’, 9 or as

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Householding and social reproduction

Comment on Newberry and Rosen

Deborah James

reason why such servicing is being undertaken by them is because children in school require financial support over the longer term, and this long-term investment is often paid for with borrowed money that will take years to repay as debts heap upon other

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Empowering or impoverishing through credit

Small-scale producers and the Plan Chontalpa in Tabasco, Mexico

Gisela Lanzas and Matthew Whittle

repay loans, provide money to the household, or both. Land sales provide a short-term solution for household cash flow problems but inevitably result in increasing long-term vulnerability and marginalization. Among the goals of the Plan Chontalpa were

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Pity Silenced

Economies of Mercy in The Merchant of Venice

Alessandra Marzola

is retracted for one half of Shylock’s goods, provided that the Jew lets Antonio have the other half in captive use. The two further conditions – that he turns Christian and bestows money unto Lorenzo and Jessica as a gift after his death – tighten

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Richard Westra

forms like money, wages, even profits, existed at various junctures across the sweep of precapitalist history, but the economic impact of such forms was always exogenous to the specific modalities by which human beings reproduced their livelihoods in