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Gökçe Yurdakul

This article examines how German Turks employ the German Jewish trope to establish an analogous discourse for their own position in German society. Drawing on the literature on immigrant incorporation, we argue that immigrants take more established minority groups as a model in their incorporation process. Here, we examine how German Turks formulate and enact their own incorporation into German society. They do that, we argue, by employing the master narrative and socio-cultural repertoire of Germany's principal minority, German Jewry. This is accomplished especially in relation to racism and antisemitism, as an organizational model and as a political model in terms of making claims against the German state. We argue that in order to understand immigrant incorporation, it is not sufficient to look at state-immigrant relations only—authors also need to look at immigrant groups' relationships with other minority groups.

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Introduction

Migration within, from and to the Middle East

Sabine Strasser and Shahnaz R. Nadjmabadi

During the last few decades, the range of key anthropological issues in the Middle East has changed remarkably. Along with relations between tribes and states, nomadism, kinship, ethnic and national conflicts, and tensions caused by oil and water, today’s post-9/11 effects and diversifying patterns of migration have increasingly attracted scholarly interest. Although they have entered the field of migration studies surprisingly late, social anthropologists have recently amplified their participation in this booming research area, particularly in transnational studies.

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The Muslim Presence in France and the United States

Its Consequences for Secularism

Jocelyne Cesari

All too often, the question of Muslim minorities in Europe and America is discussedsolely in socioeconomic terms or with a simplistic focus on the Islamicreligion and its purported incompatibility with democracy. This article focusesinstead on the secularism of Western host societies as a major factor in the integrationof Muslim minorities. It compares French and American secularismand argues that while French-style secularism has contributed to present tensionsbetween French Muslims and the French state, American secularism hasfacilitated the integration of Muslims in the United States—even after 9/11.

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Reports

Publications, Films and Conferences

Mark Slobin, Joobin Bekhrad, Florian Volm, Farideh Pourgiv, Paul Fox, Weronika Kuta, and Birgit Reinel

Publications

Baily, John (2015), War, Exile and the Music of Afghanistan: The Ethnographer’s Tale and Sakata, Hiromi Lorraine (2013), Afghanistan Encounters with Music and Friends

Films

Tasfiya, Tajikistan, by Sharofat Arabova, 2014

Die Neue (The New Girl), Germany, by Buket Alakus, 2015

Conferences

International Conference on Central and West Asia and Diasporas: The Transnational and Transgenerational, 14–16 March 2015, Inaugural Central and West Asia and Diasporas Research Network (CWADRN) Conference, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Conference of Commission on Anthropology of the Middle East of the IUAES (International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences), 9–11 September 2015, Cracow, Poland

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Maureen Maisha Eggers

In diesem Beitrag diskutiere ich die schulische Situation von Jugendlichen

mit einem türkischen Hintergrund im Kontext ihrer (Selbst-) Einordnung als

People of Color bzw. als rassistisch markierte Subjekte. Insbesondere in

einer Gesellschaft die auch stark von der Post-9/11 medialen Berichterstattung

geprägt ist, ist die starke Rassifizierung von Jugendlichen of Color mit

einem türkischen Hintergrund zunehmend deutlich geworden. Diese

Erfahrungen der Rassifizierung führen bei antidiskriminierungsengagierte

Jugendlichen mit einem türkischen Hintergrund, in vielen Fällen, zu Solidarisierungen

mit Schwarzen (Deutschen) Jugendlichen. Rassismuserfah -

rungen vereinen damit gewissermaßen antidiskriminierungsengagierte

Jugendliche of Color. Die Praxis dieser Jugendlichen of Color, betrachte ich

vor dem Hintergrund der offiziellen Diversitätsbekundungen von Berliner

Schulen. Dabei fällt auf, dass Diversität als neues Label offenbar nicht zu

einer Verminderung ihrer Diskriminierung führt. Es geht mir darum, die

anhaltende soziale Ungleichheit, die sich in Bildungsinstitutionen in der Alltagspraxis

beständig aktualisiert zu konkretisieren. Ich beziehe mich auf rassismuskritische

Thematisierungen von hierarchisierter Differenz durch

Schülerinnen of Color. Es handelt sich hierbei um Jugendliche, die sich ganz

bewusst im Sinne einer Antidiskriminierungsarbeit an ihrer Schule

engagieren. Sie lenken durch ihre hegemoniekritischen Diskussionen den

Blick auf vorhandene Formate, Inhalte und Barrieren der Thematisierung

von Heterogenität, sowie auf die diskursiven Intersektionen von Ausschlüssen

an (Berliner) Schulen. Diversität scheint hier als Begriff—auf dem

ersten Blick—gut geeignet, um Fragen der Benachteiligung und der strukturellen

Diskriminierung, die in enger Wechselwirkung mit Heterogenität

bestehen, wahrnehmbar zu machen. Dass solche Bekenntnisse nicht eine

automatische Lösung bedeuten, sondern sogar zu einem Bestandteil des Problems werden können ist eine zentrale Argumentation dieses Beitrags. In

Anknüpfung an dieser Kritik argumentiere ich, dass Diversität als neues

bzw. als neoliberalistisches Label ein oberflächliches Verständnis von Toleranz

und Akzeptanz eingefasst ist, und dass durch ihre plakative Ausrichtung

das Ziel der Gleichstellung als erreicht gefeiert wird, obwohl die Hierarchien

weiterhin fest an ihrem Platz bleiben.

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Laura A. Sparks

Relying on select US government Torture Memos, this article develops the term “surveillance time” to highlight the ways in which surveillance practices, in this case within the material confines of post-9/11 detention centers, come to threaten humans’ subjectivities through temporal disruption and manipulation. While surveillance has lately been understood in digital terms, such as in corporations’ data-mining practices and in technologies like facial-recognition software, we should not neglect its material, embodied dimensions. Surveillance time ultimately asks us to reconsider how monitoring and information-harvesting practices blur the boundaries between human bodies and data. Attention to the relationship between torture and surveillance also opens up new possibilities for understanding the now-ubiquitous monitoring strategies integrated into everyday life.

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Nick Nguyen, Philippe Kaenel, Michael Kelly, Charles Forsdick, Rikke Platz Cortsen, Sylvain Rheault, Hugo Frey, and Mark Nixon

configurations of space and time. In a discussion of the multiple uses of fragmentation in superhero crossover narratives, Michael Goodrum analyses three post-9/11 narratives to look at the kinds of responses these comics offer to the trauma of the destruction of

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Chris Gavaler

World Trade Center towers and the number of canvasses referencing the number of victims killed. 9/11 is both unifying theme and diegetic event, elements that, despite the random order of the juxtaposed images, may be sufficient to classify the

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Antonio Lázaro-Reboll

Gasca, Tebeo y cultura de masas , 9–11 (10). 32 Ibid., 11. 33 Alfonso Álvarez Villa, ‘El Tebeo pequeño gigante’, ABC (4 March 1967), 27. 34 Superman comics had been banned in Spain in 1964 by the Comisión de Información y Publicaciones Infantiles y

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“Racism Is Not An Opinion”

Muslim Responses to Pegida and Islamophobia in Germany

Karolin Machtans

attacks of 11 September 2001 have also changed the perception of Muslims in Germany. Since 9/11, Germany’s largest minority, formerly referred to collectively as “Turks,” regardless of their actual citizenship, has increasingly been recast as “Muslims