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Michael Carrithers

Seriousness is achieved when a speaker effectively moves the audience according to his or her intentions. But seriousness is fragile and subject to countless vicissitudes, as illustrated in an encounter with the television evangelist Oral Roberts. I interrogate one of the means used to counter such vicissitudes-hyperbole. Hyperbole may include exaggeration and amplification of all kinds, and may be manifest in deeds as well as words. I first follow hyperbole through 9/11 and the competing ideologies of Salafi jihadists and the Bush administration to show how 'absolute metaphors' are enlisted hyperbolically. I examine too how epic narratives are created as a similar form of hyperbole. Finally, I show how sacredness, another allied form of hyperbole, is attributed to the Holocaust in present-day Germany. Throughout I argue, and illustrate, how anthropological writing is of necessity ironic, such that irony is better than 'cultural relativism' as an understanding of the anthropological enterprise.

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Gökçe Yurdakul

This article examines how German Turks employ the German Jewish trope to establish an analogous discourse for their own position in German society. Drawing on the literature on immigrant incorporation, we argue that immigrants take more established minority groups as a model in their incorporation process. Here, we examine how German Turks formulate and enact their own incorporation into German society. They do that, we argue, by employing the master narrative and socio-cultural repertoire of Germany's principal minority, German Jewry. This is accomplished especially in relation to racism and antisemitism, as an organizational model and as a political model in terms of making claims against the German state. We argue that in order to understand immigrant incorporation, it is not sufficient to look at state-immigrant relations only—authors also need to look at immigrant groups' relationships with other minority groups.

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Rethymno, Crete 9-11 December 2003

Oxford 15 November 2003 28 February 2004 19 June 2004

Perugia 13-14 May 2004

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The Muslim Presence in France and the United States

Its Consequences for Secularism

Jocelyne Cesari

All too often, the question of Muslim minorities in Europe and America is discussedsolely in socioeconomic terms or with a simplistic focus on the Islamicreligion and its purported incompatibility with democracy. This article focusesinstead on the secularism of Western host societies as a major factor in the integrationof Muslim minorities. It compares French and American secularismand argues that while French-style secularism has contributed to present tensionsbetween French Muslims and the French state, American secularism hasfacilitated the integration of Muslims in the United States—even after 9/11.

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Maureen Maisha Eggers

In diesem Beitrag diskutiere ich die schulische Situation von Jugendlichen

mit einem türkischen Hintergrund im Kontext ihrer (Selbst-) Einordnung als

People of Color bzw. als rassistisch markierte Subjekte. Insbesondere in

einer Gesellschaft die auch stark von der Post-9/11 medialen Berichterstattung

geprägt ist, ist die starke Rassifizierung von Jugendlichen of Color mit

einem türkischen Hintergrund zunehmend deutlich geworden. Diese

Erfahrungen der Rassifizierung führen bei antidiskriminierungsengagierte

Jugendlichen mit einem türkischen Hintergrund, in vielen Fällen, zu Solidarisierungen

mit Schwarzen (Deutschen) Jugendlichen. Rassismuserfah -

rungen vereinen damit gewissermaßen antidiskriminierungsengagierte

Jugendliche of Color. Die Praxis dieser Jugendlichen of Color, betrachte ich

vor dem Hintergrund der offiziellen Diversitätsbekundungen von Berliner

Schulen. Dabei fällt auf, dass Diversität als neues Label offenbar nicht zu

einer Verminderung ihrer Diskriminierung führt. Es geht mir darum, die

anhaltende soziale Ungleichheit, die sich in Bildungsinstitutionen in der Alltagspraxis

beständig aktualisiert zu konkretisieren. Ich beziehe mich auf rassismuskritische

Thematisierungen von hierarchisierter Differenz durch

Schülerinnen of Color. Es handelt sich hierbei um Jugendliche, die sich ganz

bewusst im Sinne einer Antidiskriminierungsarbeit an ihrer Schule

engagieren. Sie lenken durch ihre hegemoniekritischen Diskussionen den

Blick auf vorhandene Formate, Inhalte und Barrieren der Thematisierung

von Heterogenität, sowie auf die diskursiven Intersektionen von Ausschlüssen

an (Berliner) Schulen. Diversität scheint hier als Begriff—auf dem

ersten Blick—gut geeignet, um Fragen der Benachteiligung und der strukturellen

Diskriminierung, die in enger Wechselwirkung mit Heterogenität

bestehen, wahrnehmbar zu machen. Dass solche Bekenntnisse nicht eine

automatische Lösung bedeuten, sondern sogar zu einem Bestandteil des Problems werden können ist eine zentrale Argumentation dieses Beitrags. In

Anknüpfung an dieser Kritik argumentiere ich, dass Diversität als neues

bzw. als neoliberalistisches Label ein oberflächliches Verständnis von Toleranz

und Akzeptanz eingefasst ist, und dass durch ihre plakative Ausrichtung

das Ziel der Gleichstellung als erreicht gefeiert wird, obwohl die Hierarchien

weiterhin fest an ihrem Platz bleiben.

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Portrait

José Casanova

Hubert Knoblauch, Grace Davie, Kim Knibbe, Manuel A. Vásquez, and José Casanova

José Casanova’s Public Religions in the Modern World (1994) has transformed the study of religion quite considerably. As I recall, the book was received relatively slowly in its first years. Casanova’s thesis gained momentum with the escalating focus on religion after 9/11 and the ensuing publicity for Huntington’s (1996) thesis of an imminent clash of civilizations. While many only then turned to the study of religion, Casanova had already prepared the ground for a global comparative approach with his path-breaking diagnosis of the state of religion in the different modes of modernity. The growing reception of Casanova’s thesis was accompanied by the increasing interest of political science (and politics in general) in religion. In fact, Casanova has shed new light specifically on the role of religion in politics. Furthermore, his thesis on ‘public religion’ has had profound impacts on the long-lasting debate on secularization in the humanities as well as in the public domain. In this respect, there is no doubt that Casanova has contributed a major, classic work to the social study of religion.

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Katherine Weikert and Elena Woodacre

, Healers and Midwives: Women in the Medieval Occupation, 1050–1350” (paper presented at the Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, University of Winchester, January 9–11, 2014). Weikert and Woodacre • Gender and Status in the Medieval World 2 Matthew

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“Clear and Present Danger”

The Legacy of the 1917 Espionage Act in the United States

Petra DeWitt

a two-year prison sentence. Appellate courts upheld the conviction, and the Supreme Court refused to hear the case. 59 Concerns about national security had again trumped First Amendment rights. The security crisis initiated with 9/11 reignited the

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Thomas D. Hall

his next book. Islam is well aware of, and notes, the implicit loading of the term “tribal” and often substitutes “indigenous.” He ends this section with an analysis of post 9/11 processes. He underscores how neoliberal development discourse socially

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What Makes a Panther a Panther?

Genetics, Human Perceptions, and the Complexity of Species Categorization

Catherine Macdonald and Julia Wester

, or “something else.”) Table 1   Demographic Characteristics of the Sample (Self-Reported) n * Percent of sample Percent in US 2010 Census Sex   Female 239 53.1 50.8   Male 192 42.7 49.2 Age   18-34 260 57.8 21.3   35-54 127 31.3 18.1   55-64 27 5.9 11