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Anna J. Wesselink, Wiebe E. Bijker, Huib J. de Vriend, and Maarten S. Krol

This article shows how Dutch technological culture has historically dealt with and developed around vulnerability with respect to flooding and indicates recent developments in attitude towards the flood threat. The flooding of New Orleans in the wake of Hurricane Katrina temporarily made the Dutch public worry about the flood defense infrastructure in the Netherlands, exemplified by the Delta Works. Could this happen in the Netherlands? After the flooding disaster of 1953, a system of large dams was built to offer safety from flooding with—in theory at least—protection levels that are much higher than in New Orleans. In the public's perception the protection offered is absolute. In practice not all flood defense structures are as secure as they are supposed to be, but their upgrading takes time and money. Katrina has served as a reminder of what is at stake: Can the Dutch afford to take another 10 years to restore the protection level of their flood defenses? Calls for pride in clever engineering are the latest in a continuing debate on the best way to continue life below sea level.

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Evert Van de Vliert

for population size, as the sum of the absolute deviations from 22°C for the average lowest and highest temperatures in the coldest month and in the hottest month ( Van de Vliert 2013b ). Some critics view 22°C as a questionable point of reference for

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Eric J. Cunningham

is a grave matter for us. We have for some time now been circulating petitions in the affected hamlets, and we plan to continue a line of absolute opposition until the bitter end, no matter what happens. Development that benefits only downstream Aichi

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Jaime Moreno Tejada

point in media studies (at least in the past three decades); history too is a rather unusual companion to a discipline that, perhaps more than any other in the social sciences, finds itself at home in the absolute present. But there is more: materialism

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What Makes a Panther a Panther?

Genetics, Human Perceptions, and the Complexity of Species Categorization

Catherine Macdonald and Julia Wester

has created a perception of absolute clarity about species categorization that does not necessarily exist biologically. Of course, a much larger percentage of respondents believed genetics should theoretically be the primary factor in categorizing

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Eleanor Sterling, Tamara Ticktin, Tē Kipa Kepa Morgan, Georgina Cullman, Diana Alvira, Pelika Andrade, Nadia Bergamini, Erin Betley, Kate Burrows, Sophie Caillon, Joachim Claudet, Rachel Dacks, Pablo Eyzaguirre, Chris Filardi, Nadav Gazit, Christian Giardina, Stacy Jupiter, Kealohanuiopuna Kinney, Joe McCarter, Manuel Mejia, Kanoe Morishige, Jennifer Newell, Lihla Noori, John Parks, Pua’ala Pascua, Ashwin Ravikumar, Jamie Tanguay, Amanda Sigouin, Tina Stege, Mark Stege, and Alaka Wali

technologies, project sustainability, climate change adaptation, disaster response, and comparative studies. The Mauri Model combines a stakeholder worldview analysis with an indicator measurement process ( Mauri Meter) to determine the absolute

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Richard Widick and John Foran

Richard Widick . 2013 . “ Breaking Barriers to Climate Justice .” Contexts: A Journal of the American Sociological Association 12 ( 2 ): 34 – 39 . 10.1177/1536504213487696 Foster , John Bellamy . 1992 . “ The Absolute General Law of Environmental

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Tim Ingold

through millennia of adaptation under natural selection ( Ingold 2000: 373–391 ). At the other end of history stand the arch-representatives of high modernity, namely scientists, in whom an absolute commitment to reason has finally put paid to the

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Franco Ruzzenenti and Aleksandra Wagner

industrialization had not only been an age of unprecedented economic growth and rampant transformation of land and society, but it was also the moment when humankind discovered the modern concept of scarcity. Scarcity, for the first time, became an absolute: no

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Temperature and Capital

Measuring the Future with Quantified Heat

Scott W. Schwartz

temperatures are derived from simple extensive counting—out of 1,000 oxygen atoms, are there 999 or 998 oxygen-16 isotopes? The temperatures produced by this methodology are not the absolute kind used by meteorologists (e.g., 75°F). They are chronologically