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(Dis)Connected Rail

Infrastructural Suspension and Phatic Politics in Romania

Adrian Deoanca

The political force of infrastructures is often attributed to their functioning as designed, while their political afterlives remain underexplored. In this article, I explore ethnographically the phatic force of ruins of infrastructure, by dwelling on a liminal railroad segment in Romania that remains unrehabilitated many years after its breakdown. Such an open-ended state of suspension allows the isolation of infrastructure’s political and affective dimensions. The Giurgiu-Bucharest railroad met its demise in 2005 in the wake of heavy floods, producing an infrastructural gap that impacts local mobility and unravels the postsocialist social contract. State authorities and citizens engage in tactics of remediation that, while unsuccessful in resuming traffic, maintain a sense of phatic connection that kindles nostalgia for the past and frustrates anticipation of the future. These tactics make the railroad a medium for hope and at the same time a symbol for the absolute impossibility of hope.

Open access

Fernando Antonio Ignacio González, Maria Emma Santos, and Silvia London

Abstract

This article analyses the recent evolution of territorial disparities in Argentina, measured by a Multidimensional Poverty Index, by carrying out a formal convergence analysis between agglomerates. In particular, the existence of absolute β-convergence and σ-convergence is tested. The information comes from the microdata of the Permanent Household Survey. The results suggest that, although an end-to-end analysis of the period shows a decrease in poverty accompanied by a reduction in territorial disparities between the main urban agglomerates in Argentina, when disaggregating by subperiods, it is evident that in periods of economic growth (essentially from 2003 to 2009), territorial disparities increased. Conversely, in periods of stagnation, these disparities decrease.

Resumen

Este articulo analiza la evolución reciente de las disparidades territoriales en Argentina, medida por un Índice de Pobreza Multidimensional, mediante un análisis formal de convergencia entre aglomerados. En particular, se testea la existencia de convergencia-β absoluta y convergencia-σ. La información proviene de los microdatos de la Encuesta Permanente de Hogares. Los resultados sugieren que, si bien en un análisis punta-a-punta del período se observa una reducción de la pobreza acompañada de una reducción de las disparidades territoriales entre los principales aglomerados urbanos de Argentina, al desagregar por subperíodos, se evidencia que en los períodos de crecimiento económico (esencialmente del 2003 al 2009) se incrementaron las disparidades territoriales. En tanto que en los periodos de estancamiento, estas disparidades se redujeron.

Résumé

Ce travail analyse l'évolution récente des disparités territoriales en Argentine, mesurée à partir d'un Indice multidimensionnel de la pauvreté, sur la base d'une étude de la convergence entre les agglomérations urbaines. Il teste en particulier l'existence de la beta convergence absolue et de la sigma convergence. Les informations proviennent de microdonnées de l'Enquête permanente des ménages. Bien qu'une analyse ponctuelle de la période montre une réduction générale de la pauvreté accompagnée d'une réduction des disparités territoriales entre les principales agglomérations urbaines d'Argentine, la désagrégation par sous-périodes permet d'observer que pendant les périodes de croissance économique (essentiellement de 2003 à 2009), les disparités territoriales se sont accrues alors qu'en période de stagnation elles se sont réduites.

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“It’s Being, Not Doing”

Hospitality and Hostility between Local Faith Actors and International Humanitarian Organizations in Refugee Response

Olivia J. Wilkinson

puts limitations on the full extent to which the guest can be made to feel at home. The concepts of absolute and conditional hospitality are respectively aligned with the Platonic ideal and then the distorted reality, with hostipitality manifesting

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Zootopia

Everything in Motion

Clio Andris and Juan Ruescas

somehow also economic. The gaps that open between the different scales of necessity are space for benefit. The animals’ differences in scale take on a new significance when in motion. Distances are absolute and shared by all—there is a single map of

Open access

Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Mette Louise Berg, and Johanna Waters

constituting it as the absolute opposite of “the North.” As noted by Fiddian-Qasmiyeh and Daley (2018: 22) , “Decoloniality demands a de-centering of global North knowledge through opening up spaces in Northern publications and through genuine collaborations

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Gilberto Conde

. Thus, the Syrian revolution was trapped in an insoluble catch-22 conundrum. Achcar (2013) convincingly argues that the Syrian regime, as the absolute monarchies of the Gulf, is a kind of oligarchy in which bourgeoisie and state are intimately

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Inequality and poverty

The ill-fitting pieces in the EU’s development partnerships

Riina Pilke and Marikki Stocchetti

what solutions are perceived as appropriate and who should take action in this regard. To start with the concept of poverty, Greig et al. (2007, p. 16 ) single out fundamental distinctions between narrow and broad understandings of poverty and absolute

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Refugee Hospitality Encounters in Northern Portugal

“Cultural Orientations” and “Contextual Protection”

Elizabeth Challinor

of the borders and migration crisis of 2015. Jacques Derrida (2000) examines the internal contradiction between the law of unconditional “absolute hospitality” and the political and legal limitations imposed by the laws of the state. He argues that

Open access

Gilad Ben-Nun

own traumatic experiences, came to elaborate some of the Convention's most humane stipulations ( Ben-Nun 2017a: 22–33 ). These included Article 3, which prohibits discrimination, and the absolute prohibition on refoulement (i.e., returning refugees to

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Anne-Laure Amilhat Szary

even more clarity. Absolute numbers of articles focusing on gender are very low (the average is less than two per year for all of the sampled journals) but an analysis of percentages of articles that mention “gender” in their title since 1997, and even