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Reforming universities in the Middle East

Trends and contestations from Egypt and Jordan

Daniele Cantini

This article addresses the core-periphery nexus by looking at some of the reform packages proposed in the 2000s in these two pivotal countries in the Middle East, Egypt and Jordan, as well as the resistances they generated. These reform packages include internationalisation and privatisation policies, as well as World Bank–sponsored programmes intended to enhance the higher education sector. These programmes are marked by a high degree of isomorphism with global trends: they belong to an unquestioned centre, with peripheries as receiving points of policies elaborated elsewhere. In this article, I examine some of the resistances they were met with in Egypt and Jordan and show how their translations were shaped by the logics of the local contexts so that they were rarely implemented. Looking at post–Arab Spring developments, the article reflects on the continuity of reform packages amidst political turmoil, and the ways in which these reforms are altering or reinforcing processes of peripheralisation.

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Making the best of an inappropriate textbook

Using an ‘international edition’ to teach critical thinking and intercultural understanding

Kristina C. Marcellus

assessment are incompatible with the thirst for knowledge and information that accompanied social changes such as those related to the Arab Spring. When their classmates offered up or wondered about examples from Yemen or Pakistan or Jordan, students whose

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From Risk to Resistance

Girls and Technologies of Nonviolence

Laurel Hart

technologies into technologies of nonviolence? In Technologies of Nonviolence , Jonathan Bock (2012) considers this question in his exploration of how technologies can be associated with advocacy and social action, as happened, for example, during the Arab

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Laurel Hart, Pamela Lamb, and Joshua Cader

path. Social mobilization is not merely organized on internet forums—political mobilization can also emerge from internet communities as an organic outgrowth of the community itself. An example of the former can be seen in the Arab Spring when Facebook

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“Stumbling Upon Feminism”

Teenage Girls’ Forays into Digital and School-Based Feminisms

Crystal Kim and Jessica Ringrose

activity. Such limited understandings of the impact of social media are changing radically in the context of Twitter’s impact on events like the Arab Spring, as Paolo Gerbaudo (2012) reminds us, that show how influential, connective, and contagious

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The Inheritance of Activism

Does Social Capital Shape Women's Lives?

Supriya Baily, Gloria Wang, and Elisabeth Scotto-Lavino

current memory, including Claudette Colvin and Barbara Johns who were civil rights pioneers. Hosts of unnamed girls participated in anti-war demonstrations in the US, protested in Tiananmen Square in China, marched in the Arab Spring, or now protest in

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Working with the Cold War

Types of Knowledge in Swedish and Australian History Textbook Activities

Niklas Ammert and Heather Sharp

social commentators linking current and contemporary conflicts (such as the incursion in Afghanistan and the Arab Spring) to the Cold War, or even seeing them as a continuation of the Cold War. Viewed in the context of current Russian military aggression