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Fostering peace through dialogue

The international social democratic movement and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Pentti Väänänen

The Socialist International (SI), the worldwide forum of the socialist, social democratic, and labor parties, actively looked for a solution to the Jewish-Palestinian conflict in the 1980s. At that time, the Israeli Labour Party still was the leading political force in Israel, as it had been historically since the foundation of the country. The Labour Party was also an active member of the SI. The Party’s leader, Shimon Peres, was one of its vice-presidents. At the same time, the social democratic parties were the leading political force in Western Europe. Several important European leaders, many of them presidents and prime ministers, were involved in the SI’s work. They included personalities such as Willy Brandt of Germany; former president of the SI, Francois Mitterrand of France; James Callaghan of Great Britain; Bruno Kreisky of Austria; Bettini Craxi of Italy; Felipe Gonzalez of Spain; Mario Soares of Portugal; Joop de Uyl of the Netherlands; Olof Palme of Sweden; Kalevi Sorsa of Finland; Anker Jörgensen of Denmark; and Gro Harlem Brudtland of Norway—all of whom are former vice-presidents of the SI. As a result, in the 1980s, the SI in many ways represented Europe in global affairs, despite the existence of the European Community (which did not yet have well-defined common foreign policy objectives).

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Zenyram Koff Maganda

with each other, but the COVID-19 crisis has shown the limits of this cooperation. For example, the EU member states recently approved €279 million in EU aid following the 2019 extreme weather events in Austria, Italy, Portugal, and Spain

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Assisted “voluntary” return of women to Kosovo

Rhetoric and reality within the framework of development

Sandra Sacchetti

insurmountable systemic challenges that could not be offset by the reintegration assistance with which they were provided. The empirical data presented here focuses primarily on the accounts of four single women, whose return to Kosovo from Austria, Luxembourg

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The Ukrainian divide

The power of historical narratives, imagined communities, and collective memories

Alina Penkala, Ilse Derluyn, and Ine Lietaert

-abiding Austrian rule ( Riabchuk, 2015 ). John-Paul Himka (2001) identified several factors impacting the formation of the imagined community of Ruthenians in Galician Rus. First, it was a struggle with the dominant Polish culture in the absence of Ruthenian

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Kaloyan Haralampiev and Georgi Dimitrov

surpasses Hungary; Slovenia, Spain and Cyprus surpass Latvia; Malta surpasses Portugal; Luxembourg and Germany surpass Austria. The new ranking seems meaningful and, despite these differences, we still examine total rankings calculated only by the Table

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Naila Maier-Knapp

: Routledge . Maier-Knapp , N. ( 2010 ). A friend in need: A friend in deed? ASEAN–EU inter-regionalism in the light of non-traditional security crises in Southeast Asia . Austrian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 3 ( 1 ), pp. 76 – 100 . Maier

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M. Guadalupe Torres-Jiménez, Rene Murrieta-Galindo, Beatriz Bolívar-Cimé, Astrid Wojtarowski-Leal, and M. Ángeles Piñar-Álvarez

. R Core Team . ( 2018 ). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. (Version 3.2.4.) [Computer software] Vienna, Austria : The R Foundation . Retrieved from https://www.r-project.org/ Ruiz , A . ( 2006 ). Priorización de

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Regional and sub-regional effects on development policies

The Benelux and the Nordic countries compared

Lauri Siitonen

1995, together with Austria. The Norwegians have twice rejected the membership and thus remain outside of the EU. Iceland is no longer a member candidate of the EU. However, as members of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), European Economic

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Policy coherence for development and migration

Analyzing US and EU policies through the lens of normative transformation

Harlan Koff

when Austria signed an accord with Tunisia. Since then, other high-profile agreements include those concluded between Spain and Morocco (1992), the United Kingdom and Algeria (2006), and Italy and Egypt (2007) (Casserino, 2012). Casserino notes that

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EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

A new space for a study of novel forms of diplomacy

Zane Šime

science diplomacy. The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) located in the vicinity of Vienna allowed placing the Austrian capital on the global science diplomacy map ( Müller, 2019 ). Barcelona is another notable city in Europe