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Wolf Schäfer

This contribution revisits the dictum "history is the teacher of life" (historia magistra vitae) and shows that modern knowledge-societies are beginning to use their growing information about natural and human history to address present-day problems. Starting with Leopold von Ranke's refusal to investigate history for the benefit of learning from it, the essay cites two contemporary attempts at extracting useful knowledge from history: "real-world experiments" and "natural experiments." Wolfgang Krohn developed the former with collaborators in Bielefeld and Jared Diamond features the latter.

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Sezin Topçu

This article adduces evidence of the central role played by scientists in the 1970s and “lay persons” in the post-Chernobyl period in the production and legitimation of alternative types of knowledge and expertise on the environmental and health risks of nuclear energy in France. From a constructivist perspective, it argues that this shift in the relationship of “lay persons” to knowledge production is linked not only to the rise of mistrust vis-à-vis scientific institutions but also, and especially, to a change in the way they have reacted to “dependency” on institutions and to “state secrecy”. Counter-expertise is constructed as a politics of surveillance where alternative interpretations of risk are buttressed by a permanent critique of the epistemic assumptions of institutional expertise. The identity of “counter-expert” is socially elaborated within this process.

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Introduction

Posthuman? Nature and Culture in Renegotiation

Kornelia Engert and Christiane Schürkmann

exposed and transformed into an ethical category. Phenomena, incidents, and developments—such as the great challenge of climate change, accidents as witnessed in Chernobyl 1989, catastrophes such as tsunamis and bushfires, or the mutation of pathogens as

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Helga Druxes, Christopher Thomas Goodwin, Catriona Corke, Carol Hager, Sabine von Mering, Randall Newnham, and Jeff Luppes

the Greens “who killed nuclear … And it wasn’t Chernobyl. It was Wall Street, and the murder happened in the 1970s.” (316) In their attempt to provide a fair account and “set the record straight” about the origins of the Energiewende, the authors at

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Investing in Early Crisis Relief or Reelection?

Comparing German Party Responses to the Euro Crisis

Alexandra Hennessy

the euro crisis. A member of the European Parliament proclaimed in 2008: “This financial crisis is for capitalist neoliberals what Chernobyl was for the nuclear lobby.” 10 According to issue ownership theories, 11 leftist parties are considered to be

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Where to Now?

Germany Rethinks its Energy Transition

Josephine Moore and Thane Gustafson

half-hearted. Even so, by 1990 nuclear power accounted for over one-third of total power generation. Yet, after the nuclear accident at Chernobyl in 1986, both public and official sentiment turned decisively against nuclear power, while utilities came

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Facing a Toxic Object

Nuclear Waste Management and its Challenges for Nature-Culture-Relationships

Christiane Schürkmann

Insurance of Nuclear Hazard: Risk Policy, Safety Production and Expertise in the Federal Republic of Germany and the United States]. Göttingen : Wallstein . Wynne , Brian . 1989 . “ Sheepfarming after Chernobyl: A Case Study in Communicating Scientific

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Natural Resources by Numbers

The Promise of “El uno por mil” in Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT Oil Operations

Amelia Fiske

. “ The Role of Quantitative Models in Science .” In Models in Ecosystem Science , 13 – 31 . Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press . Petryna , Adriana . 2002 . Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl . Princeton, NJ : Princeton

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David F. Patton

parliament, they were elevating environmentalism within their own platforms in an effort to undercut the challenger's electoral appeal. Following the Chernobyl nuclear disaster and in light of the Greens’ ascent, the Kohl government established the Federal

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Alena Minchenia

declaration of independence by the Belarusian People's Republic (BPR) on 25 March 1918; 10 and the Chernobyl March (commemoration of the Chernobyl disaster on 26 April). For these actions, professional protesters decide on details such as the schedule