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“The 1990s Wasn't Just a Time of Bandits; We Feminists Were Also Making Mischief!”

Celebrating Twenty Years of Feminist Enlightenment Projects in Tver’

Julie Hemment and Valentina Uspenskaya

Hemment, her US-based feminist anthropologist colleague, mentee, and friend. Since we first met in 1995 when Hemment was a doctoral student, we have undertaken several collaborative research projects; our relationship has been one of mutual enlightenment

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Dmitry V. Arzyutov and Sergei A. Kan

of the field could already be identified. This concept was an interweaving of a significant number of discursive fields, reaching back to the epoch of Enlightenment and deriving elements from the experience of field activities of Vladimir Bogoraz and

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Cosmologies and Lifestyles

A Cultural Ecological Framework and Its Implications for Education Systems

Phil Bayliss and Patrick Dillon

This essay critiques the majoritarian, post-Enlightenment, scientific worldview, the assumptions it makes about human cosmologies and lifestyles and how, in turn, these assumptions influence the nature of education systems. The critique focuses on how the experiences of minority cultures, particularly those cultures that are nomadic or pastoralist, challenge some of the fundamental premises of majoritarian education. There follows a cultural ecological framing which compares the ways in which Western (majoritarian) cultures and minoritarian cultures contextualise education. In Western educational situations, structures, contexts and schemata are substantially pre-defined, and we talk about things as 'context-dependent', since context is something that can be described as the backdrop to behaviour. In minoritarian cultures both meaning and context emerge from people's interactions with their environments and may subsequently be described. These are respectively relational and co-constitutional manifestations of situations. We present a cultural ecological framework in an attempt simultaneously to embrace both interpretations.

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Putting the Folk in Their Place

Tradition, Ecology and the Public Role of Ethnology

Ullrich Kockel

The folk, who have been exorcised from contemporary academic concern, are now replaced with the populace. Simultaneously, places as ecological loci of meaning and social relations have been discarded in favour of globalised spaces. Arguably, the contemporary obsession with proving the inauthenticity of tradition is itself an essentialising discourse. This obsession has helped destroy places and their ecological relationships. European ethnology originated in the Enlightenment pursuit of good governance and social improvement, which rendered it an instrument of political control - putting the folk in their place. By critically reconstructing the public role of ethnology, we can redirect the ethnological searchlight. Should not the responsible ethnologist, rather than colluding in evictions of the folk from their place, cultivate a respectfully critical understanding of social, economic, political and ecological contexts, working with the folk reflexively, to help reclaim their place.

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Ana Kolarić

, enlightenment, feminism, and nationalism. She sees these topics as connecting the dots between the public sphere (Jürgen Habermas) 13 and women's/feminist counterpublic sphere or subaltern counterpublics (Nancy Fraser): 14 every examination of (gender

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Siberian Newspapers of the Russian Empire and USSR Periods

Issues of Conservation, Digitization, and Scientific Use

Viacheslav Shevtsov

history, geography, ethnography, economy, education and enlightenment, medicine and social life in Siberia. It was in provincial broadsheets that many unique archive documents and ethnographic descriptions were published. In Siberia privately owned

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Eilon Schwartz

words, the solution was to be a Jew in the home and cosmopolitan in the street, as Mendelsohn formulated the Enlightenment directive for Jews. The public square was to be a decidedly neutral (i.e., secular) affair, ruled by rational argument and devoid

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Jewish Secular-Believer Women in Israel

A Complex and Ambivalent Identity

Hagar Lahav

between ‘religion’ and ‘secularism’ as primary analytical categories. It contributes to secular values such as freedom, modernity, enlightenment, and rationalization, while conceptualizing ‘religion’ as oppressive, premodern, and irrational ( Jakobsen and

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Valentina Mitkova

“natural” female emotionality, Ekaterina Karavelova and Lora Karavelova followed different creative paths. The mother, driven by her enlightenment dream of the inclusion of women in the social and cultural life of modern Bulgaria, created political

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Hilla Dayan, Anat Stern, Roman Vater, Yoav Peled, Neta Oren, Tally Kritzman-Amir, Oded Haklai, Dov Waxman, Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Alan Dowty, and Raffaella A. Del Sarto

reading of Judaism made by the Zionist movement under the influence of Enlightenment epistemology. Yadgar's case studies include the definition of Jewishness and the politics of conversion to Judaism, which in Israel is the privileged path to the