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Florian Krobb and Dorit Müller

preapproved and monitored, and their movements subject to bureaucratic procedures. 5 The development of scientific travel entered a new phase of intensity in the Enlightenment period. On “enlightened” journeys, cultural practices such as collecting

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New Mobilities, Spaces, and Ideas to Market

European Travel Writers and the Making of a Genre—Comment

Steven D. Spalding

Abstract

This comment on the special section “On Travel Writing and Knowledge Transfer: Itinerant Knowledge Production in European Travel Writing” examines the section’s contributions in terms of the project called for in the section’s introduction. What new kinds of knowledge are produced in the context of the ever-increasing mobility of European travelers from the sixteenth century forward? What are the discursive conditions within which knowledge is constructed in and through travel narratives—including discourses of selves and others, of cultures and nations? How does mobility shape knowledge production, as narratives of journeys across the oceans develop into a full-blown genre with ever-greater stakes for travelers, readers, and nations? The four case studies in the special section offer insightful snapshots from the history of European travel writing—with a special emphasis on German authors—that resonate with major themes from travel writing studies and critical studies more generally, from Romanticism to the colonialist or imperial gaze.

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Cotten Seiler

striving for culture … their mentality is quite dormant, remaining sunk within itself and making no progress.” Further along toward enlightenment are the Mongols who, for their part, “reveal as their characteristic feature a restless mobility which comes to

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Heidi Morrison, James S. Finley, Daniel Owen Spence, Aaron Hatley, Rachael Squire, Michael Ra-shon Hall, Stéphanie Vincent-Geslin, Sibo Chen, Tawny Andersen, and Stéphanie Ponsavady

center of Sarah Jane Cervenak’s book, which ambitiously examines wayward movement in relation to both Enlightenment-era formulations of reason and freedom as well as post-Enlightenment (and often state-imposed) limitations on physical mobility. As

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Imagining Futures of Energy

Views from Central Asia

Markus S. Schulz

to have taken place in Central Asia. Despite low expectations about the enlightenment potential of what Walter Benjamin analyzed as “pilgrimage sites to the commodity fetish,” 3 this specialized expo on future energy seemed to offer at least some

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Tracey Reimann-Dawe

Western calendar and thereby reinforce the presence of their specifically Western and also Christian norms at regular intervals in Africa. Influenced by Enlightenment thought, progress-oriented attitudes reduced the importance allocated to the “time of

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Reconstruction--Fiction--Transfer

Imparting Ethno-aesthetic Knowledge in John Hawkesworth’s Report on Cook’s First Voyage to the South Pacific (1768–1771)

Sebastian Kaufmann

Regarding the “branch of anthropology of the Enlightenment which deals with the systematic comparison of peoples,” 2 the “knowledge function” of travel narratives of the so-called Second Age of Discovery is obvious—the numerous and widely consumed travel

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Knowledge, Travel, and Embodied Thought

Restlessness in Herder’s Journal of My Voyage in the Year 1769

John K. Noyes

to, with so much book-learning in his way. This difficulty will continue to express itself in Herder’s writing as a tension between the antirationalist critique of the Enlightenment by writers such as Hamann, and the extended project of Kant’s early

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Ambivalent Mobilities in the Pacific

“Savagery” and “Civilization” in the Australian Interwar Imaginary

Nicholas Halter

many reports that described the “Black Islands” as inhabited by people who have “some almost indescribable glint of savagery and barbarism in their eyes.” 36 As shown by Bronwen Douglas, Enlightenment ideas of progress and human difference became

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Johannes Görbert, Russ Pottle, Jeff Morrison, Pramod K. Nayar, Dirk Göttsche, Lacy Marschalk, Dorit Müller, Angela Fowler, Rebecca Mills, and Kevin Mitchell Mercer

first refer to the tension between universalist and relativist tendencies in Enlightenment discourse. While the mainstream of writing arguably upheld an essentialist and Eurocentric viewpoint, some of the intellectually more ambitious texts of the era