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David Drake

This article considers Sartre's relations with the French Communist Party (PCF) in the years immediately following the Liberation when the PCF considered that, of all the prominent French intellectuals, it was Sartre who posed the greatest threat. This article opens by situating the PCF within the French political landscape immediately after the Liberation and addressing its attitudes towards intellectuals. It then examines the main themes of the attacks launched by the PCF, between 1944 and the staging of Les Mains sales (Dirty Hands) in 1948, on both Sartre and existentialism and the reasons for these attacks. It concludes by noting the differences between the PCF and Sartre on three specific political issues during this period.

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Adrian van den Hoven

Richmond bases her translation on Gallimard's Collection Tel paperback edition, first published in 1976 and edited by Arlette Elkaïm-Sartre. Of course, Sarah Richmond has a huge advantage over Hazel Barnes. She has an Honours BA in French and Philosophy

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Ana-Luana Stoicea-Deram

For almost a century there was a lack of adequate reflection in French sociology on analysis of the nation. The explanation of this delay may lie in the foundations of the discipline itself. But in a major contribution, Marcel Mauss pointed the way to a sociology of the nation. For him, the development of the nation as an object of a new reflection depended on the insights of a multidisciplinary and comparative approach. But sociology had a pivotal role in this approach, helping to grasp the specificity of its object, and holding the key to its analysis, especially through the concept of integration. The slowness to utilize this text shows the difficulty in French sociological thought of working with a link between the social and the political.

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Iain Stewart

Taking as its starting point recent claims that Jean-Paul Sartre's Critique de la Raison Dialectique was written as an attempt to overcome the historical relativism of Raymond Aron's Introduction à la philosophie de l'histoire, the present article traces this covert dialogue back to a fundamental disagreement between the two men over the interpretation of Wilhelm Dilthey's anti-positivist theory of Verstehen or 'understanding'. In so doing it counters a longstanding tendency to emphasise the convergence of Aron and Sartre's philosophical interests prior to the break in their friendship occasioned by the onset of the Cold War, suggesting that the causes of their later, radical political divergence were pregnant within this earlier philosophical divergence.

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‘Rates of Exchange’ Rather than Intellectual Exchanges

An Unknown Correspondence between Marcel Mauss and Victor Branford (1923–24) about the Franco-British Relationship in Interwar Sociology

Baudry Rocquin

Émile Durkheim died on 15 November 1917, following a long period of nervous distress linked with the death of his son André at the front two years before. 1 By the end of the war, French sociology was in an appalling state: the highly successful

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Isabelle Gouarné

Cet article examine quand et comment la référence conjointe à Durkheim et Marx est devenue pensable dans l'univers des sciences humaines françaises. Malgré l'ancrage durable du marxisme en France, cette question n'a guère été étudiée. On se propose donc ici de rendre compte du travail réalisé, au cours des années 1930, par des intellectuels situés à la jonction de l'univers des sciences sociales durkheimiennes et du monde communiste, et de préciser ainsi à quelles conditions les oppositions très vives de Durkheim et de ses disciples vis-à-vis du matérialisme historique ont pu être levées.

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Elizabeth A. Bowman

As if to mark the 20th anniversary of Sartre’s death in 1980—and there was in fact some connection—French writers, journalists, talking heads and publishers put on a Sartre extravaganza. The occasion was the publication of six books on Sartre within the span of a month in early 2000: Denis Bertholet’s Sartre (Plon), Michel-Antoine Burnier’s L’Adieu à Sartre (Plon), Benoit Denis’ Littérature et engagement (Seuil), Bernard-Henri Levy’s Le Siècle de Sartre (Grasset), Philippe Petit’s La Cause de Sartre (P.U.F.), and Olivier Wickers’ Trois Aventures extraordinaires de Jean-Paul Sartre (Gallimard).1 Sartre’s name in headlines was plastered on news kiosks all over Paris during the second half of January, 2000. Le Nouvel Observateur announced: “After 20 Years of Purgatory, Sartre Returns,”2 and Le Point proclaimed: “Sartre: The Passion for Making Mistakes.”3 The implicit warning was: “Don’t let Sartre’s mistakes return!”

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Nicholas Hewitt

It is no exaggeration to state that before the Revolution of 1958–1959 Cuba barely impinged on the French national consciousness, with the exception of the occasional role of Paris as host for international conferences on the island’s future. The island’s French colony was never large: indeed, the mausoleum in the Necropólis Cristóbal Cólon in Havana is a touching reminder of a small group, numbering no more than sixty, who, between the 1930s and the early 1960s, maintained a fragile French commercial presence.

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Romain Pudal

Je souhaiterais aborder dans cet article quelques éléments de l'histoire intellectuelle française susceptibles d'éclairer le contexte de réception du pragmatisme américain en France et de souligner certains des enjeux liés à cette réception; je m'intéresse donc ici plus particulièrement à la réception du pragmatisme de William James et John Dewey entre les années 1890 et 1920 environ. Durant cette période, on trouve de nombreux textes consacrés au pragmatisme dont on peut donner un aperçu chronologique en rappelant les principaux titres. En 1906, traduction de James Les variétés de l'expérience religieuse avec une préface d'Emile Boutroux; le 7 mai 1908 une séance de la Société française de Philosophie intitulée 'Signification du pragmatisme'; puis en 1908 de nouveau un texte d'Emile Boutroux Science et religion où il est notamment question de James; le texte de James Pragmatisme préfacé par Bergson en 1911; en 1913 Un romantisme utilitaire de René Berthelot puis en 1921 De l'utilité du pragmatisme de Georges Sorel. Tous ces textes et bien d'autres forment la toile de fond d'un débat sur le pragmatisme auquel un auteur quelque peu inattendu va apporter une contribution majeure; cet auteur c'est Emile Durkheim lui-même qui sera le seul à proposer un cours intégralement consacré au pragmatisme en 1913-1914 mais il faudra attendre 1955 pour en avoir une publication en français à partir de notes de cours grace au travail d'Armand Cuvillier, et 1983 pour qu'il en existe une version anglaise avec une introduction d'Allcock. Tous les commentateurs actuels s'accordent pour dire que ce cours n'a pas eu l'attention qu'il méritait et qu'il demeure méconnu et injustement relégué au rang de 'document historique'1 sans être considéré à sa juste valeur.

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The State of French Sociology through American Eyes

Minutes of the Society for Social Research, February 6, 1933

Herbert Blumer

The Society for Social Research held its regular meeting on the evening of 6 February, President Stuart Rice in the chair.

Mr. Herbert Blumer of the Department of Sociology, University of Chicago spoke to the group on ‘Some Impressions of Contemporary French Sociology’. The following is a digest of his paper.