This article investigates contemporary attempts to reform the institution of the university according to neoliberal ideological influences and oppositions to them. It employs Doreen Massey’s concept of space to focus on relations and separations made in the process. My ethnography of the University of Helsinki’s 375th anniversary celebration, which turned into a public spectacle of various visions of higher education, constitutes the main empirical material. Finland’s ambivalent position in the world renders the spatial work of forging connections and disconnections particularly conspicuous. It enables specific neoliberal aspirations (such as to be among ‘the world’s best universities’ amidst global competition) to become very strong but also allows additional trajectories, like the one about higher education as public goods, to present themselves as legitimate alternatives. The centre-periphery relations are therefore critical sites for analysing the contemporary university transformation, since they appear to be key drivers of the reform but also the primary source of resistance to it.
Between a centre and a periphery in contemporary Finland
Gerhard L. Weinberg
This article covers three aspects of the Holocaust that are commonly misrepresented or ignored. First, an endlessly repeated piece of misinformation, is the description of the Holocaust as a project to kill the Jews of Europe. Most ignore the evidence that all Jews on earth were to be killed, that some outside Europe were killed, and that there were preparations for the killing of Jews in the Middle East. The second is the German expectation of winning the war, and that certain policies in implementing the Holocaust can only be understood in the context of an expectation of easier completion after victory. The third aspect is the absence from most accounts of the personal interests of those doing the killing in promotions, medals, loot, etc. in the early years and in safety from dangerous assignment to fighting at the front in the later years of the war.
Ferenc Bódi, Jenő Zsolt Farkas, and Péter Róbert
were the Visegrád Group (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia—hereinafter referred to as V4) and four Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden—hereinafter referred to as S4). 1 The article introduces a phenomenon that
Evert Van de Vliert
.356 Ethiopia −0.368 −2.118 −3.120 −1.218 Finland 1.525 1.242 0.710 1.840 France 0.536 1.268 0.818 1.282 Georgia 0.106 −1.100 −1.456 −1.142 Germany 0.923 1.275 0.856 1.092 Ghana −1.228 −1.157 −1.397 0.419 Greece −0.282 0.921 0.100 0.660 Guatemala −0.841 −0
Srdja Popović and Slobodan Djinovic
, was formed in Finland to counter a fascist citizen patrol called the Soldiers of Odin. “Loldier” clowns danced around the streets on the same nights when fascist patrols marched through local communities, featuring acrobats, circus hoops, and a
An Examination of European Protest Activity, 2008–2012
Number Belgium 1,830 Bulgaria 2,035 Cyprus 1,029 Czech Republic 1,595 Denmark 1,558 Estonia 2,141 Finland 2,112 France 1,877 Germany 2,804 Hungary 1,821 Ireland 2
Heli Saarikoski and Kaisa Raitio
This article illustrates the interconnectedness of science and politics through a case study of old-growth forest conflict in Finnish Upper Lapland. It demonstrates the ways in which “traditional science“ has failed to settle the decades-long conflict between state forestry and traditional Sámi reindeer herding, and discusses the potential of democratization of science through more inclusive forms of knowledge production. The analysis, which is based on qualitative interview data, shows that a traditional science focus on biological indicators and mathematical modeling has provided only a partial account of the reindeer herding-forestry interactions by ignoring the local, place-specific practices that are equally important in understanding the overall quality of pasture conditions in Upper Lapland. It concludes that an inclusive inquiry, structured according to the principles of joint fact-finding, could create a more policy-relevant, and also more scientifically robust, knowledge basis for future forest management and policy decisions.
A critical educational praxis perspective
Melina Aarnikoivu, Matti Pennanen, Johanna Kiili, and Terhi Nokkala
funding. For example, doctoral students who are faculty members have work healthcare benefits, whereas those working on an external grant do not. Finally, one of the senior researchers brought up language issues between Finnish and non-Finnish
Encountering the Missing in Postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina
such hauntingly potent symbols for reassessing the moral order while simultaneously making their “political lives” (to quote Verdery) ambiguous. This article is based on ethnographic fieldwork among families of missing persons both in Finland and Bosnia
’s Le Havre (Finland/France/Germany, 2011) and The Other Side of Hope (Finland, 2017) show older men shelter young refugees, and protect them against the French and Finnish governments’ attempts to detain and deport them, respectively. 23 Le Havre