This paper explores the rights-based cosmopolitanism of French anti-GM activists and their challenge to the neoliberal cosmopolitanism of the World Trade Organization and multinational corporations. Activists argue that genetic modification, patents, and WTO-brokered free trade agreements are the means by which multinationals deny people fundamental rights and seek to dominate global agriculture. Through forms of protest, which include cutting down field trials of genetically modified crops, activists resist this agenda of domination and champion the rights of farmers and nations to opt out of the global agricultural model promoted by biotechnology companies. In so doing, they defend the local. This defense, however, is based on a cosmopolitan discourse of fundamental rights and the common good. I argue that activists' cosmopolitan perspective does not transcend the local but is intimately related to a particular understanding of it.
This article adduces evidence of the central role played by scientists in the 1970s and “lay persons” in the post-Chernobyl period in the production and legitimation of alternative types of knowledge and expertise on the environmental and health risks of nuclear energy in France. From a constructivist perspective, it argues that this shift in the relationship of “lay persons” to knowledge production is linked not only to the rise of mistrust vis-à-vis scientific institutions but also, and especially, to a change in the way they have reacted to “dependency” on institutions and to “state secrecy”. Counter-expertise is constructed as a politics of surveillance where alternative interpretations of risk are buttressed by a permanent critique of the epistemic assumptions of institutional expertise. The identity of “counter-expert” is socially elaborated within this process.
People Power, Adaptation, and Challenges in Rennes (France) and Montreal (Canada)
Giulia Giacchè and Lya Porto
potentially different from the others due to differential local contexts and resources (human, territorial, and economic). To answer our questions, we investigate IE initiatives in two urban centers: the cities of Rennes (France) and Montreal (Canada). 2 The
Jos Spits, Barrie Needham, Toine Smits, and Twan Brinkhof
Many historical cities are built alongside rivers. Floodplains were attractive sites for urban expansion. However, the flood events since the 1990's have shown that many urban settlements are under flood risk. This research investigates how flood management and land use planning policies have changed after high water and (near)floods in the Netherlands, Germany, and France. In particular, it investigates how changing policies affect the development of urban riverfronts. Policy documents have been analyzed from all three countries and case studies illustrate the impact of changing policies on concrete developments.
développement durable . Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium: De Boeck Supérieur. 267 pp. Kalaora, Bernard, and Chloé Vlassopoulos. 2013. Pour une sociologie de l’environnement: Environnement, société et politique . Seyssel, France: Champ Vallon. 301 pp. This review essay
Agri-cultures in the Anthropocene
Martin Skrydstrup and Hyun-Gwi Park
Today when we think about climate change and Greenland, we do not think about agriculture, but of the melting ice. Perhaps the most evocative articulation of this connection was made in December 2015, when Paris was hosting the United Nations Climate Change Conference, or COP21. At this event, artist Olafur Elisasson and geologist Minik Rosing exhibited their art installation Ice Watch at the Place du Pantheon: a circle of icebergs with a circumference of twenty meters, which resembled a watch ticking and/or a compass providing orientation for the world’s leaders in the palm of Paris. The ice had been transported by tugboat from the harbor of Nuuk—Greenland’s capital—to France. The captain of the tugboat was Kuupik Kleist, former prime minister of Greenland, who was quoted saying: “Ninety per cent of our country is covered by ice. It is a great part of our national identity. We follow the international discussion, of course, but to every Greenlander, just by looking out the window at home, it is obvious that something dramatic is happening” (Zarin 2015).
Michael Liegl Alan Drengson Ts’ui-Jung Liu Stefanie Duttweiler Jamie Lorimer Rob Fletcher Robert Marks Warwick Fox Simon Marvin Alan France Jochen Mayerl Lars Frers Laura McKinney Karsten Gäbler Robert McLeman Romano Gaetano David MacLennan Paul H. Gobster
Ninotchka Bennahum Henning Best Jean Paul Bozonnet Brad Brewster Jennifer Broadridge Brian J. Burke Christian Büscher Ben Campbell Stella M. Čapek Matilde Córdoba Debra Davidson Kim de Wolff Robert Fletcher Alan France Christina Fredengren Karsten Gäbler
Genetics, Human Perceptions, and the Complexity of Species Categorization
Catherine Macdonald and Julia Wester
are a new and entirely different category of animal.” Several respondents compared the process of introducing cougars in Florida as similar to the process of moving (“Just because I move to France doesn't magically make me a native born French
). Production of grain and meat increased dramatically in response to demand created by the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars ( Neeson 1993 ; Ross 1998 ), while the newly landless rural poor became the industrial labor force or immigrants to the New