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Durkheim’s Two Theories of Sacrifice

Ritual, Social Change and Les Formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse

Melissa Ptacek

The article begins by examining Durkheim’s editorial role in the creation of Hubert and Mauss’s essay on sacrifice, published in his new journal, the Année sociologique, in 1899. It then brings out how, in Les Formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse, Durkheim operated both with an ‘official’ and a more or less ‘hidden’ theory of sacrifice, the first based on the approach in Hubert and Mauss’s essay, the second rooted in Durkheim’s earlier views and critical editorial comments on Hubert and Mauss’s ideas. In the process it brings out, through a detailed analysis of the work’s chapters specifically on sacrifice but also on piacular rites, tensions, ambiguities and cross-purposes in the work as a whole. These especially turn round Durkheim’s approach to violence and to the sacrificial offering or gift, and are also evident in his concern with different types of effervescence, the foundational and commemorative, as well as the ‘joyous’ and piacular. The article concludes by linking these tensions with issues at stake in Durkheim’s interest in the French Revolution and account of the role of effervescence in moments of rupture and fundamental social change.

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Peter Herrmann

community is now embarking upon a third generation of human rights which may be called “rights of solidarity.” We can say this is structurally already mirrored by the sequence of the guiding lines and foundations of the French Revolution, proclaiming

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Nicolas Sembel

was an achievement of the French Revolution and of the spirit of the Enlightenment, embodying, in Raphaël’s expression, a ‘happy moment’ (p. 99). Moreover, ‘signs of regeneration’ are what interest us most in order, as always, to understand Durkheim

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David Schweikart

values that might have served to restrain historical rebellion disappeared. Thus, followed the excesses of the French Revolution, the “irrational terror” of fascism, and the “rational terror” of Marxism. For the latter, its “scientific” certainty that a

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John H. Gillespie

applies the concept, as for Bataille, to a period before Nietzsche’s writings. His critique touches on the philosophy, politics and culture of the bourgeoisie after its victory in the French revolution, however we will focus on his analysis of the effects

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From In-Itself to Practico-Inert

Freedom, Subjectivity and Progress

Kimberly S. Engels

, they are meanings engraved in the ‘matter’ of our processes of thought and thus practico-inert. One example Sartre uses is the Great Fear of 1789, which was a widespread panic among the rural population that occurred at the beginning of the French

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Toward Comprehensive Conceptualizations of Contemporary Public Health

Participation as the Cornerstone of Appropriate Methodologies

Harry Nijhuis

“self-caring” appreciation of a “participative society” largely differs from the original US tradition of the “civil society.” Alexis de Tocqueville among others interpreted it as an attractive democratic alternative to the derailed outcome of the French

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Does the City of Ends Correspond to a Classless Society?

A New Idea of Democracy in Sartre's Hope Now

Maria Russo

important thing was to attain the sovereignty of the people. In fact, fraternity was one of the three fundamental values of the French Revolution, and it could be the main principle of Sartre's new idea of democracy. This idea of fraternity is very close to