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Timo Pankakoski and Antto Vihma

Fragmentation has become a key concept in the analysis of international law and global governance in recent years. For many, fragmentation has both positive and negative aspects, but scholars are divided over which aspect is predominant. The

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Centralized or Decentralized

Which Governance Systems are Having a “Good” Pandemic?

Jennifer Gaskell and Gerry Stoker

democracies ( Wigura and Kuisz 2020 ), which suggest that it might be timely to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different governance arrangements leveraged to tackle the crisis. In this article we examine what we can learn about the operational

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Paul Fawcett

Distrust towards politicians is often identified as a key factor behind the current “crisis of democracy.” If there is a crisis, it only seems natural that at least some responsibility must rest with the political elite. This article locates this distrust in the context of broader debates about “antipolitics” and depoliticization. It examines how these debates have been informed by the putatively new set of challenges presented by the shift to governance and changing notions of legitimacy. The article concludes that politicians remain a necessity, not a choice. Politicians might be part of the problem, but they are certainly not the only problem. It ends by calling for a re-articulation of the relationship between government and citizens and leadership and democracy.

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Lain Dare

Alternative forms of political participation that place little emphasis on traditional representative forms of democracy are becoming more prevalent. Typifying the shift from government to governance, forest certification provides important opportunities for political participation with local, national, and global influence. Using Pippa Norris's three dimensions of political participation—agencies, repertoires, and targets—this article explores political participation within the practice of forest certification. The article highlights how traditional and alternative forms of political participation do not act as a dualism and instead occur simultaneously in practice due to historical, spatial, and practical influences.

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Democracy in the Pacific Islands

Comparable Practices, Contested Meanings

Jack Corbett

Ian Shapiro identifies three traditions of democratic thought: aggregative, deliberative, and minimalist. All three are apparent in the Pacific Islands despite most commentators and donors assuming that the meaning of democracy is fixed. The focus in development studies on institutions and their capacity to deliver pro-poor growth has generated a fourth tradition that revolves around the now pervasive governance concept. Rather than focusing on the general will of a sovereign people, this perspective is predominately concerned with the legitimate use of violence as a precursor to any development-orientated democratic state. Having reviewed the literature on democracy in the Pacific to parse out these four meanings, this article concludes that paying greater attention to this ideational equivocality would extend discussions about the suitability and transferability of this type of regime.

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Kyösti Pekonen

The article examines, through the use of conceptual history, the semantics of ruling and government in Europe. The author identifies the discourses that have been constructed in order to answer the question of what can be ruled and governed in European cultures and shows how their prominence and timing have varied in different political cultures.

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Louise Haagh

perspective on humanist justice and governance in terms of conditions for well-being actually prevailing provides an avenue to explore problems highlighted by Republican democracy theorists recently, to do with the limits of both participation and formal

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Common Democracy

Political Representation beyond Representative Democracy

Alexandros Kioupkiolis

read as a contestation over democratic representation as these movements tried out new forms of collective, participatory self-governance in protest against the status quo ( Prentoulis and Thomassen 2013 ; Hardt and Negri 2012 ). Contemporary Marxist

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

violent challenges to its claims to control labor, collect taxes, maintain public order, and enforce ideology. Other early modern European states faced similar challenges, but Russia’s modes of governance and criminal justice seem to have relied less on

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Avery Poole

from criticizing each other’s internal affairs, and have tended to avoid discussing domestic governance issues at all in official dialogue. As such, it is puzzling that key documents such as the ASEAN Charter and the ASEAN Political-Security Community