modern era, focusing particularly on the history of the passport and its subtle but integral connections to race and citizenship. 14 In Canada, these dynamics prevailed in the post-Confederation period as authorities turned to various governance tools
Canada and Airport Refugee Claimants in the 1980s
It is striking how much recent scholarship on the mobility history of the United States has come to emphasize moments of relative motionlessness. More concerned with events in the halls of government than on the open road, historians have moved away from the nuts and bolts of transportation systems—the vehicles, the modes, and the infrastructure—to instead investigate how these networks have been shaped by larger political and social forces. Scholars have investigated these influences by highlighting how groups of Americans have codified, contested, or perceived the nation’s transportation system. By centering their studies on actors, rather than the actual systems, mobility scholars have framed their subjects in new ways and linked their subfield to political, legal, and social history.
Cyclists' Views on Conflicts over road Use in Britain, 1926-1935
In the interwar period, cyclists, the most numerous road users, came into increasing conflict with motorists. The debate around road safety and casualties reveals significant differences between the social and political capital available to different classes of road users, despite their legal equality. Drawing on the coverage of the conflict by the Cyclists' Touring Club (CTC) through their monthly Gazette and on the parliamentary record, this article examines how cyclists understood the problem of increasing accident rates and the solutions proffered in press and parliament to address them. The paper considers cyclists in terms of class, representation, power, and status. It further examines how these factors shaped perceptions of the issues at stake in the safety debate in relation to the governance of road space and the appropriate behaviors and responsibilities of road users.
Viewed from a distance, a large container port looks like any other. Terminals and stacked containers are marked by a narrowing set of multinational operators and shipping companies. Fences project promises of security and safety that are often enacted by the local hires of global security firms. Perhaps longshoremen are visible locking a container into place aboard a vessel, although the docks of contemporary container terminals are more notable for the seeming lack of men at work. Critical scholars of supply chains are revealing the global logics behind such visible similarities in port economy and governance. While this work responds to the call of John Shaw and James Sidaway to recognize how “[ports] matter beyond being entities in and of themselves,” ports are also shaped by more proximate, sociocultural logics.
Discussions of the historiography of mobility, circulation, and transport in South Asia, a region that covers the modern nation-states of Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, the Maldives, Bhutan, and Tibet, must begin with an acknowledgment of what has shaped broader historical approaches to this area. I begin by offering a brief overview of the rich, but also dominant area of focus in South Asian transport history, namely, a focus on the history of railways and on the colonial period as a watershed in South Asian transport innovation. This overview provides context to recent shifts in the transport historiography of South Asia. While focus on the history of railways was concerned with technological and economic ramifications of transportation networks and with debates over colonial governance, recent work reviewed here highlights social, cultural, and political implications of transportation within precolonial, colonial, and postcolonial settings. These newer works in cultural, economic, and labor history, literary studies, ethnohistory, global history, and anthropology acknowledge the significance of railways and existing work in transport history.
Secondary Movers on the Fringes of Refugee Mobility in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya
Jolien Tegenbos and Karen Büscher
seventy-three refugees and asylum seekers, and twenty-seven governance actors. All secondary movers indicated to be either mandated refugees under international protection or registered asylum seekers. The term “governance actors” comprises two sets of
James Longhurst, Sheila Dwyer, John Lennon, Zhenhua Chen, Rudi Volti, Gopalan Balachandran, Katarina Gephardt, Mathieu Flonneau, Kyle Shelton, and Fiona Wilkie
the car-oriented suburb in North America with a focus on the linkage between transportation and land use. John Saunders in chapter 12 examines the prospects for managing urban growth through various forms of governance with an objective to resolve
The Algorithmics and Biopolitics of Race in Emerging Smart Border Practices and Technologies
’t do our job without taking ethnicity into account. We are very dependent on that.” 15 In this way, the biopolitical imperatives of migration governance continue to make migration, security, and border enforcement, however “smart,” into exceptional
Examining a Mobility Hub in the “Redevelopment and Enhancement” of Downtown Tallahassee
Christopher M. McLeod, Matthew I. Horner, Matthew G. Hawzen, and Mark DiDonato
) collective phenomena, a mobility system can also be an object of governance. 31 This is likely if a mobility system is abjectified and perceived to encounter a contesting mobility system. 32 Mapping Mobilities To understand urban sterilization and poverty
Kathleen Frazer Oswald
interrogate claims that such a system would be safer , more secure , or in this case smarter as the invested industries say, or if such claims are being made to expand “governance at a distance,” 24 or to reorganize automobility to the benefit of a