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India Halstead

changing global context while producing much of her work in a postwar Germany that, like the artist herself, was only just beginning to heal. In addition, I want to look at how her work was influenced by the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud, which

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The Significance of the Body

The Construction of Masculinity among German Students

Jurgen Budde

This article discusses strategies of constructing masculinity among German school boys and shows the close interrelation of social status, social and symbolic value, and the success or failure of playing with male gender orders. It highlights the important role of the body in these processes. Based on data from ethnographical research the article shows that the body is an actor as well as target in the subordination strategies, which often includes the feminisation of other boys

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Virtual Heroes

Boys, Masculinity and Historical Memory in War Comics 1945–1995

Alexander Clarkson

This article maintains that as a genre war comics are a valuable and neglected source for understanding constructions of ideal masculinity in the post-war West. While its main focus is the depiction of heroic manliness in one of the most commercially successful American war comics, G.I. Joe, comparisons are made with Britain’s Commando Comics and the German pictorial war magazine Landser, which concentrated mainly on the Second World War and also enjoyed wide popularity. The article suggests that while mainly addressing an adolescent readership, over time these comics came to direct their political and moral messages not only to boys but also to increasing numbers of older men who had started reading these comics when they were boys themselves. In particular, it argues that war comics strategically deployed notions of “boyishness” in their story lines, exploiting both the negative and positive connotations of the word to make readers question the egotism and immorality of contemporary society.

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Ambivalent Sexualities in a Transnational Context

Romanian and Bulgarian Migrant Male Sex Workers in Berlin

Victor Trofimov

statements and attitudes may serve as a socially acceptable way to channel the frustration about exploitation on Berlin's sex work market and in the German economy in general. Knowing Mohammed's homophobia, I assumed that Sergio shared the same view

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Introduction

Cinemas of Boyhood Part II

Timothy Shary

Revoir Les Enfants (1987) , and The Son of the Shark (1993) . In Italy, another film about boys inaugurated a movement just after the war—De Sica’s neorealist Shoeshine (1946) ; in West Germany, The Trapp Family (1956) would inspire the American

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“Be Prepared!” (But Not Too Prepared)

Scouting, Soldiering, and Boys’ Roles in World War I

Lucy Andrew

increased rapidly. The rise of other world powers such as Germany, the United States, and Russia at this time put Britain in a vulnerable position. Germany, in particular, was seen as a threat to Britain on account of its geographical proximity and the

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Jay Mechling

friendship, especially in Germany, emphasized the homoerotic nature of the close bonding in those friendships without foregrounding the question of sexuality ( Oosterhuis and Kennedy 1991 ). Anecdotal evidence of consensual sex play among boys at summer camps

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The Biologically Vulnerable Boy

Framing Sex Differences in Childhood Infectious Disease Mortality

Heather T. Battles

providence for increasing the sex ratio at birth to compensate for higher male mortality in life ( Théré and Rohrbasser 2006 ). These statistics seemed to run counter to existing perceptions. German pastor Johann Peter Süssmilch (1761) , for example, noted

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Robyn Singleton, Jacqueline Carter, Tatianna Alencar, Alicia Piñeirúa-Menéndez, and Kate Winskell

12 qualitative data analysis software (Verbi GmbH, Germany). Data Analysis We situate our analytic approach at the intersection of grounded theory ( Corbin and Strauss 2008 ) and thematic narrative analysis ( Riessman 2008 ), with the narrative

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In Pursuit of Masculinity

On Aging Bodies, Migration and Youthful Masculinities

Usman Mahar

individual case study is the management of research ethics. And the issue is compounded because there is no formal requirement for ethical reviews in the field of anthropology at German universities. Ethical concerns in the absence of an ethical review board