The article begins with reported data on social and economic imbalances and their negative effects on sustainable development. The state, the social partners, and enterprises such as cooperatives formerly organized democratic participation as the central mechanism through which social justice regenerates. Globalization makes them inoperative. That is why we have to reconsider the role of enterprises in general. Their responsibilities under the Global Compact and similar measures are not sufficient, unless they are made legally binding and are complemented by laws that link their structure to the aspects of sustainable development. The article singles out cooperatives and points to their features being approximated through legislation with the features of capitalistic companies, which negatively affects their sustainable development performance. The article concludes with remarks on the challenges for legislators, not least the outdated notion of competitiveness and a radically changing concept of enterprise.
The End of the 1972/1973 Conjuncture? A Legal Perspective
Toward a New Legally Oriented Environment at a Global Level
Giovanni Tartaglia Polcini
, enterprises, and civil society, with specific reference to the scientific community. Moreover, a new trend at the multilateral level through the United Nations Global Compact is emerging and coalescing: advancing the rule of law through engagement with