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Do (Not) Follow in My Footsteps

How Mothers Influence Working-Class Girls’ Aspirations

Melissa Swauger

This article examines how working-class mothers influence their daughters' aspirations. Data was gathered from focus groups and interviews with twenty-one white and African American working-class girls and fifteen of their mothers from Southwestern Pennsylvania, United States. Research revealed that the mothers' advice is gendered, class-based, and racialized, and that it emphasizes the importance of caregiving, living near family, and financial independence and security. Qualitatively examining the messages related to work and family that working-class mothers relay to their daughters and how daughters take in these messages shows the contradictions that emerge when working-class mothers support aspiration formation.

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Kaoru Miyazawa

in themselves by developing their confidence, responsibility, independence, flexibility, and productivity and, that as girls participate in the Girl Power discourse, which is reshaped by neoliberal force, they translate these values in the context of

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James Marten

for hard men” in the decades before the American Revolution, writes Caroline Cox, but that changed when the colonies began their long struggle for independence (6). Encouraged by the development of relatively lightweight weapons, by the increasing

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Girl, Interrupted and Continued

Rethinking the Influence of Elena Fortún’s Celia

Ana Puchau de Lecea

behavioral limitations forced upon her by her superiors. Rigid timetabling and having to walk in line contradicts her desire for independence and her resistance to indoctrination is continually juxtaposed with what is expected of her. According to the

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Narratives of Ambivalence

The Ethics of Vulnerability and Agency in Research with Girls in the Sex Trade

Alexandra Ricard-Guay and Myriam Denov

. The girls’ perspectives varied. Some participants 3 viewed the sex trade as a means to achieve independence and autonomy. They also perceived the sex trade as a means to accessing a luxurious lifestyle in which girls were perceived as beautiful and as

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Solveig Roth and Dagny Stuedahl

whence does this position stem? And to what is this a response? Anna refrained, for example, from using markers such as a bindi . Perhaps her performative position was a response to a Norwegian imperative about independence that may entail that ethnic

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Sami Schalk

American independence” (2011: 5). In American Girl contemporary fiction, disability is indeed a metonym for “not-me” or the non-racialized Other in the brand’s representation of the American Girl figure. 9 Despite the valuable aspects of Josie’s character

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In Pursuit of Masculinity

On Aging Bodies, Migration and Youthful Masculinities

Usman Mahar

be summarized under five interrelated concepts that form an axiom: individual agency, independence, active aging, productivity, and permanent personhood constitute “success” in aging ( Corwin 2017 ). In short, through individual effort and labor

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The Concept of Sentimental Boyhood

The Emotional Education of Boys in Mexico during the Early Porfiriato, 1876–1884

Carlos Zúñiga Nieto

Romantic attitudes toward the concept of boyhood flourished in the Yucatán region during the beginning of the independence fight in Cuba against Spain in 1868. Recent scholarship has focused on the changing concepts of childhood through hygiene

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Sarah E. Whitney

liminality, Black Girl Magic novels remind audiences that the protagonist’s autonomy, independence, and excellence have always been, and will continue to be present. Furthermore, the celebratory aesthetic meanings of Black Girl Magic discourse are highlighted