George Mosse viewed history as a totality. It should come as no surprise, then, that his vision of the modern Jewish experience was in accordance with this predilection. Just as, for him, the political and the religious, the scientific and the aesthetic realms, were intertwined, deeply co-implicated, he refused to pigeon-hole and separate, or to use one of his favorite terms, “ghettoize” Jewish history and cut it off from the larger European whole. When he arrived in the late 1960s at the Hebrew University, I recall, he rather jolted the more conservative historians there not only because they were aghast at the fact that, already then, George was discussing the history of masturbation in his classes(!), but, more pertinently here, also because he challenged the prevailing ethnocentric bias that Jewish history by definition followed its own unique narrative and immanent laws.
Steven E. Aschheim
Toward a Jewish History of Concepts
The field of modern European Jewish history, as I hope to show, can be of great interest to those who deal with conceptual history in other contexts, just as much as the conceptual historical project may enrich the study of Jewish history. This article illuminates the transformation of the Jewish languages in Eastern Europe-Hebrew and Yiddish-from their complex place in traditional Jewish society to the modern and secular Jewish experience. It presents a few concrete examples for this process during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The article then deals with the adaptation of Central and Western European languages within the internal Jewish discourse in these parts of Europe and presents examples from Germany, France, and Hungary.
Two Lexical Paths and Two Jewish Identities
: Oxford University Press, 1997). 5 Ferdinand de Saussure, quoted in Ifversen, “About Key Concepts,” 68. 6 Guy Miron, “A People between Languages: Toward a Jewish History of Concepts,” Contributions to the History of Concepts 7, no. 2 (2012): 1–27. 7 On
Remembering and Forgetting Crémieux during the Franco-Algerian War
disparities that endure to this day. 27 Chouraqui’s speech whitewashed the controversies surrounding Crémieux. Bénichou’s and Chouraqui’s tributes to Crémieux were not unusual in the trajectory of Algerian-Jewish history. The community habitually commemorated
Michael Meyer, ed., Michael Brenner, asst. ed., German-Jewish
History in Modern Times, volume 3, Integration in Dispute: 1871-1918;
volume 4, Renewal and Destruction: 1918-1945 (New York: Columbia
University Press, 1997, 1998)
Phyllis Cohen Albert and Alex Sagan
George L. Mosse died on January 22, 1999, leaving a legacy of scholarly innovation in the study of European, German, and German-Jewish history. The memorial symposium of October 1, 1999 that produced the following articles brought together some of the many students, colleagues, and friends who were deeply influenced by Mosse’s life and work. They offered reflections on his contributions as researcher, author, teacher, and friend.
The Israeli-Arab-Palestinian Conflict as Reflected in Israeli History Textbooks, 2000-2010
Previous research on the way in which the Arab-Israeli conflict and the image of the Arab have been presented in Jewish history and civics textbooks established that there have been three phases, each typified by its own distinctive textbooks. The shift from the first to the third generation of textbooks saw a gradual improvement in the way the Other has been described, with the elimination of many biases, distortions and omissions. This article explores whether new history textbooks, published from 2000 to 2010, have entrenched or reversed this trend. With the escalation of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since the early 2000s, one might have expected that the past linear process of improvement would be reversed. However, textbooks written over the last decade do not substantially differ from those written in the 1990s, during the heyday of the peace process. The overall picture is, therefore, that the current textbooks do not constitute a fourth generation.
Michael Miller, Paul V. Dutton, and Laura Hobson Faure
French Jewish History in the Wake of the Holocaust (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015). Review by Laura Hobson Faure, Sorbonne Nouvelle University, Paris With some exception, modern French Jewish history remained in the shadows until the late 1960s
” French) Jews through a more symbiotic lens. “The world I describe,” says Malinovich, “is one where people of immigrant and native backgrounds mingled—and in some instances, to be sure, came into conflict—propelled by a shared interest in Jewish history
and Southern France—where they first arrived as New Christians and progressively “reverted” to Judaism. For an overview of the history of Sephardic Jewish history, see Jane S. Gerber, The Jews of Spain: A History of the Sephardic Experience (New York