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Kari Palonen

This article is a thought experiment. It constructs ideal types of political representation in the sense of Max Weber. Inspired by Quentin Skinner and others, the aim is to give a rhetorical turn to contemporary debates on representation. The core idea is to claim an ‘elective affinity’ (Wahlverwandschaft, as Weber says following Goethe) between forms of representation and rhetorical genres of their justification. The four ideal types of political representation are designated as plebiscitary, diplomatic, advocatory, and parliamentary, corresponding to the epideictic, negotiating, forensic, and deliberative genres of rhetoric as the respective ways to plausibly appeal to the audience. I discuss historical approximations of each type of representation and apply the combination of representation and rhetorical genres to the understanding of the European Union’s unconventional system of ‘separation of powers’. I conclude with supporting parliamentary representation, based on dissensus and debate, with complements from other types.

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The Limits of Liberal Democracy

Prospects for Democratizing Democracy

Viviana Asara

. Pellizzoni , Luigi . 2018 . “ Responsibility and Ultimate Ends in the Age of the Unforeseeable: On the Current Relevance of Max Weber's Political Ethics .” Journal of Classical Sociology 18 ( 3 ), 197 — 214 . Plumwood , Val . 1995 . “ Has Democracy

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Christopher J. Allsobrook

of Max Weber, who thinks power is, simply, the strength or capacity to do something or the ability to realise one’s will (2014: 65, 67). Hamilton shares with Steven Lukes the insight that one’s will is ‘structured, organised and nested’ (2014: 68) and

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Wolfgang Merkel and Jean-Paul Gagnon

Max Weber you can find the crisis and democracy link there too. In the twentieth century there was an increase of the crisis literature in the beginning of the 1970s. In the long wave of prosperity that came after 1945 until the beginning of the 1970s

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The Will of the People?

Carl Schmitt and Jean-Jacques Rousseau on a Key Question in Democratic Theory

Samuel Salzborn

as any society based on wage employment and the division of labor, because as Max Weber ([1919] 2004) writes, the rationalization of the modern age means that politics itself has become a business. In fact, going beyond Weber’s conception, it must