While the rise of populism in Western Europe over the past three decades has received a great deal of attention in the academic and popular literature, less attention has been paid to the rise of its opposite— anti-populism. This short article examines the discursive and stylistic dimensions of the construction and maintenance of the populism/anti-populism divide in Western Europe, paying particular attention to how anti-populists seek to discredit populist leaders, parties and followers. It argues that this divide is increasingly antagonistic, with both sides of the divide putting forward extremely different conceptions of how democracy should operate in the Western European political landscape: one radical and popular, the other liberal. It closes by suggesting that what is subsumed and feared under the label of the “populist threat” to democracy in Western Europe today is less about populism than nationalism and nativism.
From Consociationalism to Deliberation?
nationalism movement, took control over the state in 1963. Saddam Hussein came to power as president in 1979. Shias, despite being a majority in the country, were politically marginalized from the beginning of the existence of the state of Iraq. They were
Kin: Nationalism, Democracy, and the Boundary Problem .” American Political Science Review 106 ( 4 ): 867 – 882 . 10.1017/S0003055412000421 Beckman , Ludvig . 2009 . The Frontiers of Democracy: the Right to Vote and Its Limits . Palgrave
Vincent’s book Nationalism and Particularity ( 2002: 4 ), where he points out that “the communal and tribal fragmentations of, for example, the Balkans, Northern Ireland, Indonesia and Rwanda are not preferable forms of social existence. They are rather
A Letter to Jan Zielonka
; Aamulehti , 25 February 2018). Reporting an incident of this nature certainly represents an act of banal nationalism (with no mechanism of exclusion, though), but it can nonetheless be a force for good: striving for normality, for normal “Finnish” life
that Macdonald is right: this really is the future for a global democracy. It is important to underline just how dramatic Macdonald’s step is, however. Both scholars and politicians, after all, have always underestimated the strength of nationalism
Paul Apostolidis, William E. Connolly, Jodi Dean, Jade Schiff, and Romand Coles
, too, are struggles against racism and xenophobic nationalism, movements to rearticulate human-nonhuman relationships and religious differences, efforts to queer gender and sexuality practices, and more. Generating assemblages of power in this context
Nancy S. Love, Sanford F. Schram, Anthony J. Langlois, Luis Cabrera, and Carol C. Gould
decision processes. REFERENCES Abizadeh , Arash . 2012 . “ On the Demos and Its Kin: Nationalism, Democracy, and the Boundary Problem .” American Political Science Review 106 ( 4 ): 867 – 882 . 10.1017/S0003055412000421 Cabrera , Luis . 2004
Against Functional and Global Solutions to the Boundary Problem in Democratic Theory
Miller , David . 2010 . “ Against Global Democracy .” In After the Nation: Critical Reflections on Post-Nationalism , ed. Keith Breen and Shane O'Neill , 141 – 160 . London : Palgrave Macmillan . 10.1057/9780230293175_8 Näsström , Sofia
hidden, begrudging, tongue-bit gestures of our most proclamatory, often white, left leaders and thinkers who have not yet had any success at building or defending a movement of marginalized Americans without resorting to nationalism+ or instrumentalist