The Indian writer Rabindranath Tagore visited the United States several times, though his second trip in 1916-1917 seems to have generated the most excitement. On the verge of American entry into World War I, the Nobel prize-winning writer embarked on an extensive lecture tour critiquing the excesses of nationalism and imperialism. The visit generated a number of remarkable texts, including a series of important letters to family and friends written on the trip and the four long lectures collected and published in 1917 as Nationalism. I argue that the lectures on “Nationalism,” can and should be read as a form of “reverse Orientalist” travel writing, where Tagore aimed to show Americans how their own political and economic system could be seen as rather similar to the European powers. Tagore uses the lectures to develop a series of metaphors for the modern, instrumentalist deployment of power in the nation-state and the colonial world, against which he posited an ideal of modern man cultivated and “perfected,” rather like a work of art.
Rabindranath Tagore's America, in Letters and Lectures
A Re-Evaluation of The Color Curtain
The Color Curtain reflects Richard Wright's problematical assessment of the 1955 Bandung Conference and his difficult attempts to reconcile his sincere denunciation of the consequences of colonialism and racism on people of Asian and African descent with his condescending representation of Third World nationalism during the middle of the twentieth century. The book reveals striking paradoxes in Wright's evaluation of a nationalism that he occasionally vilifies as an ideology that was grounded on impassioned and essentialist cultural or religious affiliations and feelings. Yet Wright's demeaning, elitist, and patronizing attitudes about Third World nationalism and cultures did not prevent him from identifying with the core spirit of the Bandung Conference. In his assessment of the summit, Wright occasionally reveals his admiration for a Third World nationalism that echoed his disparagement of Western racism and imperialism.
Alienation and the American Scene in George William Curtis’s Lotus-Eating: A Summer Book
. Written during a period of extensive literary nationalism in the United States, Lotus-Eating articulates a longing for a lost connection to Europe. In this light, we might consider Curtis’s Lotus-Eating in relation to American accounts of European
Sites of pilgrimage and heritage tourism are often sites of social inequality and volatility that are impaired by hostilities between historical, ethnic, and competing religious discourses of morality, personhood, and culture, as well as between imaginaries of nationalism and citizenship. Often these pilgrim sites are much older in national and global history than the actual sovereign nation-state in which they are located. Pertinent issues to do with finance—such as regimes of taxation, livelihoods, and the wealth of regional and national economies—underscore these sites of worship. The articles in this special issue engage with prolix travel arrangement, accommodation, and other aspects of heritage tourism in order to understand how intangible aspects of such tourism proceed. But they also relate back to when and how these modern infrastructures transformed the pilgrimage and explore what the emerging discourses and practices were that gave newer meanings to neoliberal pilgrimages. The different case studies presented in this issue analyze the impact of these journeys on the pilgrims’ own subjectivities—especially with regard to the holy sites being situated in their imaginations of historical continuity and discontinuity and with regard to their transformative experiences of worship—using both modern and traditional infrastructures.
Tourism, Travel Journalism, and the Construction of a Modern National Identity in Sweden
1930s put questions of nationalism and national identity on the agenda. In order to go through the whole newspaper rather than a specific category of material, I chose two years to represent the 1930s. The newspaper was first published in 1864 and is
Jackie Clarke, Melanie Kay Smith, Margret Jäger, Anne O’Connor, and Robert Shepherd
modern phenomenon of democratized travel and the emergence of a new constituency of tourists that results in evolving strategies for Irish travel. Anne O’Connor National University of Ireland, Galway Leanne White , ed., Commercial Nationalism and Tourism
(Dis) Uniting the Kingdom on Holiday
to the past underpinning ideas of English nationalism. Indeed, he argues that “the dominant understanding of the past in England is a vision of history where the notion of ‘greatness’ has been torpedoed by perceptions of ‘decline’ in the post
Responses to Travel Literatures and the Problem of Authenticity
distinctions between travel, mobility, and emigration are hard to pin down. During this period, continuing colonial connections and identification with the Empire seemed to conflict with burgeoning nationalisms. In the negotiation of authenticity what becomes
remembers the “writing on the wall” in the 1920s that presaged the later problems: “about Morocco, about Basque Nationalism, about agrarian and foundry troubles, about all Bilbao’s thousand woes—writing on the wall. Always plenty of writing on the wall. But
Myth and Reality in Shangri-La
Paul Genoni and Tanya Dalziell
. Dreyfus , Georges . 2005 . “ Are We Prisoners of Shangrila? Orientalism, Nationalism, and the Study of Tibet. ” JIATS: Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies 1 : 1 – 21 . Hilton , James . 1933 . Lost Horizon . London