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Anja Kruke

From the beginning of the West German state, a lot of public opinion polling was done on the German question. The findings have been scrutinized carefully from the 1950s onward, but polls have always been taken at face value, as a mirror of society. In this analysis, polls are treated rather as an observation technique of empirical social research that composes a certain image of society and its public opinion. The entanglement of domestic and international politics is analyzed with respect to the use of surveys that were done around the two topics of Western integration and reunification that pinpoint the “functional entanglement” of domestic and international politics. The net of polling questions spun around these two terms constituted a complex setting for political actors. During the 1950s, surveys probed and ranked the fears and anxieties that characterized West Germans and helped to construct a certain kind of atmosphere that can be described as “Cold War angst.” These findings were taken as the basis for dealing with the dilemma of Germany caught between reunification and Western integration. The data and interpretations were converted into “security” as the overarching frame for international and domestic politics by the conservative government that lasted until the early 1960s.

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What Do the French Think of Us?

The Deteriorating Image of the United States, 2000-2004

Richard Kuisel

What do the French think of Americans and the United States? This is a grand question whose answer reveals a crucial dimension of the current tension in Franco-American relations. It is also a question that can be answered reasonably well. Transatlantic troubles have stirred interest in ascertaining the state of public opinion. The result is an extraordinary number of comprehensive surveys conducted over the last five years. The US Department of State, for example, has systematically monitored French attitudes. So have many French and American polling agencies like SOFRES, CSA, and the Pew Center. Foundations like the French-American Foundation and the German Marshall Fund of the US have also sponsored research. Between fifteen and twenty thousand Frenchmen and women have recorded their opinion in such surveys. This evidence provides a unique opportunity for research into how the man- or woman-in-the-street views the United States.

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The Race for Third

Small Parties in the 2017 Bundestag Election

David F. Patton

debate. By spring 2017, the AfD was back polling in single digits. In the hot phase of the campaign, however, migration-related issues again received extensive media coverage. For instance, in the widely viewed television debate between Angela Merkel and

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Eric Langenbacher

delegates and (re-elected with 82 percent in December 2017). 5 Polling from February to April 2017, had the party at or above 30 percent—at one point even with or slightly ahead of the cdu . 6 But, from May onwards the party began to slip in the polls. Its

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Sarah Wiliarty and Louise K. Davidson-Schmich

would you vote for if the election were this coming Sunday?”—sees the cdu / csu receiving around 39 to 40 percent of the vote (up from 32.9 percent at the 2017 election and a low of 26 percent as recently as March). The AfD is polling around 8 to 9

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Frédéric Sawicki

tool to mobilize the urban working classes and lead them to the polling stations on election day. Because Socialist Party members no longer live in these neighborhoods and are mobilized to distribute leaflets in public spaces, especially in open

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Coalition Politics in Crisis?

The German Party System Before and After the 2017 Federal Election

Frank Decker and Philipp Adorf

well have called the party’s existence into question as the infighting of the previous weeks had already coincided with steady downward trajectory in the spd ’s polling numbers (from around 21 percent in mid November to 17 percent by early March

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Political Campaigns and Civic Culture

Comparing Canvassing and Party Structures in the French and American 2012 Presidential Campaigns

Julien Talpin

tradition. Activists are advised to “personalize” their message by mentioning certain practical details (election dates, address of the polling station, etc.) and personal experiences (using the first person of the singular, explaining one’s reasons for

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“Revenge of the East”?

The AfD's Appeal in Eastern Germany and Mainstream Parties’ Responses

Jennifer A. Yoder

-Anhalt and Thüringen. The AfD was projected to be even more successful in state elections in Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia in the fall of 2019. In Brandenburg, for the first time ever, the AfD led other parties going into an election. 4 While polling

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Vincent Pons

many villages, the local priest gathered his parishioners at the end of the mass on election day, and they all went voting as a cortège. The density of polling stations in 1848 was much lower than it is today, and the road to vote was often ten to