Sacrifice is an act and a concept of considerable importance to contemporary conflict. However, interpretations of the role and nature of sacrifice vary historically, culturally, and situationally. This article discusses the various ways that sacrifice has been interpreted in the anthropological literature, including an analysis of forms of conflict, negotiation, and sacrifice pertaining to Bougainville. Professional conciliators and government emissaries negotiating a solution to the Bougainville conflict brought into play ideologies and processes they often claimed were based on an understanding of indigenous ways of resolving conflict. A critical assessment of this claim discusses the possible effects of the co-option of ritual and traditional means of negotiation and considers what is lost in translation.
changes ownership and usage ( Nielsen 2016 ; Cross 2014 ; Gardner 2018 ; Gardner and Gerharz 2016 ; Li 2009 , 2011 ; Münster and Strümpell 2014 ; Padel and Das 2010 ; Steur 2015 ). In many parts of the world, while land dispossession is hardly a
Resources and Socio-cosmic Fields in Odisha, India
provide sacrifices for the Goddess of the Earth. In former times, human sacrifices were made ( Bosch 2007 ; Padel 2000 ), but nowadays a water buffalo is used. These offerings are necessary to please the goddess and thus to ensure the fertility of the