digital surveillance and biometrics in technologies of algorithmic governance that individualize border controls: “As megacities become ghost towns, and once-bustling airports grind to a halt, the virus has generated a puzzling new enigma of a globalized
public laboratories funded by state and local governments lead infectious disease surveillance, but they have limited capacity ( Crawford et al. 2010 ). The COVID-19 pandemic created demand that far outstripped what these laboratories could provide, but
What Type of Freedom is at Stake?
Danielle Celermajer and Dalia Nassar
community and overcoming isolation is before emergency situations arise. If we wait, it will be too late. References Amnesty . 2020 . COVID-19, Surveillance and the Threat to Your Rights . April 19 , 2020. www.amnesty.org.au/surveillance
people hunker down in narrow groups and resist cooperation at large scales? Will the crisis benefit incumbent authoritarian leaders in important countries, from China and India to Brazil and the United States, who defend closed borders and surveillance
COVID-19, Public Health, and Black Lives Matter
authoritarianism—compulsory vaccination programs, quarantine measures, and health surveillance designed to control disease transmission—which gave birth to its own rash of protests. In the 1890s, Milwaukee in Wisconsin saw the breaking out of riots from the largely