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Color-Coded Sovereignty and the Men in Black

Private Security in a Bolivian Marketplace

Daniel M. Goldstein

The appearance of effective security making—demonstrated through surveillance, visibility, and ongoing performance—is significant to contemporary sovereign authority in urban spaces characterized by quotidian violence and crime. This article examines La Cancha, Cochabamba, Bolivia’s enormous outdoor market, which is policed not by the state but by private security firms that operate as nonstate sovereign actors in the space of the market. The article provides an ethnographic account of one of these firms (the Men in Black), and documents the work of both municipal and national police—all of them distinguished by differently colored uniforms—in the management of crime, administration of justice, and establishment of public order in the market. Sovereignty here is derived through public performance, both violent and nonviolent, through which the Men in Black demonstrate and maintain their sovereign power.

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The Permeable Olympic Fortress

Mega-Event Security as Camouflage in Rio de Janeiro

Dennis Pauschinger

“war against terror,” such as standardized militarization of public security, the establishment of camera surveillance, and the de facto isolation of sport venues from the rest of the city ( Fussey and Klauser 2015a ). These standards migrate from one

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Antonius C. G. M. Robben

, and private companies. The push for seamless surveillance systems, the tapping of e-mail traffic, phone and wireless communications, permanent camera supervision, body scans, biosensors, and activity analyses of cars and people circulating in public

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Navigating the Politics of Anxiety

Moral Outrage, Responsiveness, and State Accountability in Denmark

Mette-Louise Johansen

” throughout the bureaucratic system and the smooth processing of the casework, the allocation of welfare provisions, the proximity of the state and its surveillance system, the circulation of suspicious signs, and the very early timing of “early prevention

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“Eyes, Ears, and Wheels”

Policing Partnerships in Nairobi, Kenya

Francesco Colona and Tessa Diphoorn

globally in the policing realm. It alludes to the role of the private security industry, community policing organizations, and citizenry at large in a widespread and diffuse surveillance apparatus or network providing intelligence to the police. Yet the

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Unintended Securitization

Military, Medical, and Political-Security Discourses in the Humanitarian Treatment of Syrian Casualties in Israel

Hedva Eyal and Limor Samimian-Darash

patients returned to the hospital on more than one occasion so they could be kept under ongoing medical surveillance once immediate necessary treatment had been provided. This process expanded the boundaries of the humanitarian project from an initially

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Suburban Dissent

Defining Neighborhood Space and Place in Perth, Western Australia

Jocelyn D. Avery

occupants will continue to be denied justice and locked away as if they are a contaminant. They will be confined behind multiple barriers, subject to motion sensors and CCTV surveillance by staff who are focused more on security than supporting the MIA. This

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Departheid

The Draconian Governance of Illegalized Migrants in Western States

Barak Kalir

facilities—from where surveillance and controlled removals can be more easily managed; third, at the point of exit, states oblige illegalized migrants to “voluntarily leave” or be forcefully deported. Departheid has both a concrete materiality—in the form

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Migrant Residents in Search of Residences

Locating Structural Violence at the Interstices of Bureaucracies

Megan Sheehan

. Torpey , John . 2000 . The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . Torres , Osvaldo , and Alejandro H. Garcés . 2013 . “ Representaciones sociales de migrantes peruanos

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Staying out of Place

The Being and Becoming of Burundian Refugees in the Camp and the City

Simon Turner

surveillance of the dominant rebel groups—they were more open to talk. The boys themselves were eager to join the rebel group and fight the “evil Tutsi.” Gerard explains it to me six years later in Nairobi: Even before starting secondary school I was [in