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Lale Duruiz

The title of this article comes from the famous Turkish novel Araba Sevdası (The carriage affair) by Recaizade Ekrem, an eminent nineteenth-century Turkish scholar. Jale Parla, professor of literature, describes the novel as a “parody of futile writing and reading activities, as futile as the rounds made by the fancy carriages of Westernized beaus in the fashionable Çamlıca.” She further explains that the car has inspired much fabulation in the Turkish novel, signifying possession, power, narcissism, and a feeling of inferiority inspired by contact with the West. Finally, Parla asserts that the car “might have provided the Turkish psyche with something it desperately needed through all stages of modernization from 1880 to 1990.”

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“Coaching” Queer

Hospitality and the Categorical Imperative of LGBTQ Asylum Seeking in Lebanon and Turkey

Aydan Greatrick

This article argues that Northern responses to, and recognition of, LGBTQ refugees bind queer organizations in Lebanon and Turkey, which support such refugees, in a state of contradiction. This contradiction is defined both by the failure of Northern LGBTQ rights discourses to account for Southern ways of being queer, but also by the categorical imperative of hospitality, which asks that the “right” refugee appears in line with the moral, political, raced, and gendered assumptions of Northern host states. In recognizing this imperative, this article observes how queer organizations in Lebanon and Turkey navigate this contradiction by simultaneously “coaching” their beneficiaries on how to appear “credible” in line with Northern assumptions about sexual difference, while working to accommodate the alterity of those they support.

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Managing a Multiplicity of Interests

The Case of Irregular Migration from Libya

Melissa Phillips

promoted inside Libya are incoherent. Additionally, there is little consideration as to what constitutes “Libyan” interests, as compared to the EU-Turkey statement, which was based on a perceived advantage for Turkey, in providing the state

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Reconceptualizing Transit States in an Era of Outsourcing, Offshoring, and Obfuscation

Antje Missbach and Melissa Phillips

positionalities, which, as we argue in this special section, are very different from the common understanding of “the transit country” developed for the European borderlands, such as Turkey or Ukraine ( Düvell and Vollmer 2009 ; Içduygu and Yükseker 2012 ). The

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Transit Migration in Niger

Stemming the Flows of Migrants, but at What Cost?

Sébastien Moretti

, and by negotiating an agreement with Turkey in March 2016 aimed at stemming the arrival of irregular migrants through Turkey to Europe. With the number of people traveling through the Eastern Mediterranean route via Turkey to Greece and onward to

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Historical Fragments’ Mobile Echo

Encountering the Current Refugee Crisis with Ai Weiwei

Susan E. Bell and Kathy Davis

have become icons of signification for the global refugee crisis. These particular life vests had been used by refugees who landed at Lesbos, Greece, after crossing the Mediterranean Sea from Turkey. Lotus flowers symbolize purity and longevity in

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Introduction to the Issue

Encountering Hospitality and Hostility

Mette Louise Berg and Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

, including in Fiddian-Qasmiyeh’s ongoing research into local community responses to displacement from Syria in the contexts of Lebanon, Jordan, and Turkey ( Fiddian-Qasmiyeh 2015 , 2016 ; Fiddian-Qasmiyeh and Qasmiyeh 2018 ). 1 In her research, she has

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Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Mette Louise Berg, and Johanna Waters

, and discourses of transit that have developed over time within these Southern positionalities, which … are very different from the common understanding of “the transit country” developed for the European borderlands, such as Turkey or Ukraine

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Listening with Displacement

Sound, Citizenship, and Disruptive Representations of Migration

Tom Western

Introduction “And the phonograph is standing on a chair in the road and in a moment a canned voice will be screeching a poison song from the time of the Turkish occupation.” I start with some travel writing. American author Henry Miller ([1941

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Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh and Francesco Carella

countries such as Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey have had to grapple with hosting overwhelmingly high numbers of refugees, sometimes reaching over one-quarter of the population of the country, as in the case of Lebanon. Although the latter, as well as Jordan