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The Longue Durée of Empire

Toward a Comparative Semantics of a Key Concept in Modern European History

Jörn Leonhard

Against the background of a new interest in empires past and present and an inflation of the concept in modern political language and beyond, the article first looks at the use of the concept as an analytical marker in historical and current interpretations of empires. With a focus on Western European cases, the concrete semantics of empire as a key concept in modern European history is analyzed, combining a reconstruction of some diachronic trends with synchronic differentiations.

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A People between Languages

Toward a Jewish History of Concepts

Guy Miron

The field of modern European Jewish history, as I hope to show, can be of great interest to those who deal with conceptual history in other contexts, just as much as the conceptual historical project may enrich the study of Jewish history. This article illuminates the transformation of the Jewish languages in Eastern Europe-Hebrew and Yiddish-from their complex place in traditional Jewish society to the modern and secular Jewish experience. It presents a few concrete examples for this process during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The article then deals with the adaptation of Central and Western European languages within the internal Jewish discourse in these parts of Europe and presents examples from Germany, France, and Hungary.

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Carl Strikwerda

and iron ore across Western Europe. 21 Winston Churchill, not known for his starry-eyed idealism in his later career, argued in 1908 that “in spite of the folly of armaments and tariffs, of the unwisdom of so many of our political and journalistic hot

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Sovereignty versus Influence

European Unity and the Conceptualization of Sovereignty in British Parliamentary Debates, 1945–2016

Teemu Häkkinen and Miina Kaarkoski

—authority was concentrated in London, Baker argues, thereby influencing British policy toward Western European unity. 4 We will concentrate specifically on these political tensions between national authority and (Western) European cooperation since World War II

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From “De Facto King” to Peasants’ Communes

A Struggle for Representation in the Discourse of the Polish Great Emigration, 1832–1846/48

Piotr Kuligowski

. Step-by-step works on historical semantics touch on new contexts and regions beyond Western Europe, forcing one to reflect on both the creativity of historical actors as well as the contingency of contemporary political categories. At the same time, in

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Richard Bessel

annual homicide rates [that] is not small.” 11 By combining data on “homicide rates in five Western European regions, 1300–2000,” Eisner shows—and Pinker cites—similar declines in homicides per 100,000 people per year. 12 And when looking at what may be

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Theo Jung, Cristian Roiban, Gregor Feindt, Alexandra Medzibrodszky, Henna-Riikka Pennanen, and Anna Björk

the industrial and postindustrial world. 4 The volume’s fifteen studies investigate the conceptualization of work from antiquity to the present time, and although mainly focusing on the Western European space, regions and cultures in North America

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Introduction

Concepts of Emotions in Indian Languages

Margrit Pernau

arising and floating in the interaction between them. 21 These assumptions are linked to a development that started in Western Europe with the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, both of which accorded a religiously motivated importance to the

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The Problem of Modern Pederasty in Queer History

A Case Study of Norman Douglas

Rachel Hope Cleves

geographical scope of this article is broad, drawing in the Anglosphere and Western Europe. Norman Douglas and the Challenges of Writing Biography When Constantine FitzGibbon attempted to write a biography of Norman Douglas, he threw up his hands in despair

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Hugo Bonin and Aleksandra Konarzewska

Western European countries, for which multiculturalism is a relatively new experience, Central and Eastern Europe were multiethnic, multireligious, and multilingual from the Middle Ages. However, World Wars I and II and their consequences (such as mass