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Dante's Imperial Road Leads to ... Constantinople?

The Internal Logic of the Monarchia

Cary J. Nederman

Dante's Monarchia has proven to be an enigmatic contribution to the corpus of medieval political theory. Although typically held up as the quintessential statement of the principles of universal imperial authority, the tract does not conform to many of the standard conventions of medieval Latin defences of the supremacy of the Roman Empire, eschewing, for instance, the theme of translatio imperii. In this article, I examine Dante's critique of the Donation of Constantine and related topics in order to argue that, by his own logic, the legitimacy of a universal Roman Empire resides not with the German Holy Roman Emperor in the West but instead with the Byzantine Emperor. By conceiving of the Roman Empire in a way that undermines the possibility of its 'translation', and by rejecting the alienability of imperial authority at the heart of the Donation, Dante leads a careful reader to conclude that the true Empire has its home in Constantinople, not in Germany or elsewhere in Western Europe.

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Carl Strikwerda

and iron ore across Western Europe. 21 Winston Churchill, not known for his starry-eyed idealism in his later career, argued in 1908 that “in spite of the folly of armaments and tariffs, of the unwisdom of so many of our political and journalistic hot

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Richard Bessel

annual homicide rates [that] is not small.” 11 By combining data on “homicide rates in five Western European regions, 1300–2000,” Eisner shows—and Pinker cites—similar declines in homicides per 100,000 people per year. 12 And when looking at what may be

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The Problem of Modern Pederasty in Queer History

A Case Study of Norman Douglas

Rachel Hope Cleves

geographical scope of this article is broad, drawing in the Anglosphere and Western Europe. Norman Douglas and the Challenges of Writing Biography When Constantine FitzGibbon attempted to write a biography of Norman Douglas, he threw up his hands in despair

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Romanticizing Difference

Identities in Transformation after World War I

Nadia Malinovich

to Paris—both on his own society and that of Western Europe. Navon, she notes, does not fall into Western bifurcations between a picturesque and ossified “Orient” and a progressive, modern “Occident.” Rather, he presents the world of the pre–World War

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Class versus Nation

A History of Richard Turner’s Eclipse and Resurgence

Ian Macqueen

2009 ; Marwick 1999 ; Suri 2005 ). In Western Europe and the United States the New Left was critical not only of capitalism but also of the communism of the Soviet Union and its doctrinaire interpretations of Marxism. What took form as the New Left in

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Envisaging Eternity

Salian Women’s Religious Patronage

Nina Verbanaz

East and West, the Salian women’s role within this patronage contains some unique aspects for eleventh-century Western Europe. Gisela and Bertha, two of the three Salian women whose sons ascended the throne, found their final resting place in the Speyer

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Misbehaving Women

Trespass and Honor in Late Medieval English Towns

Teresa Phipps

Life Cycle in Western Europe, c.1300–c.1500 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2006). 41 In Latin, uxor eius , for example, “Johannes et Alicie uxor eius.” 42 In Latin, grave dampnum . CALS, ZSR 21 rot. 2. 43 Hampshire Record Office (hereafter

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

to deploy violence in myriad ways, never approaching a steady march of decline. This messy, contingent outcome is the stuff of history. Notes 1 On state-building, see Charles Tilly and Gabriel Ardant, eds., The Formation of National States in Western

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Whitewashing History

Pinker’s (Mis)Representation of the Enlightenment and Violence

Philip Dwyer

considerations. Eventually, authorities banned public executions in Western Europe during the second half of the nineteenth century, not because they were inhumane—although that thought was certainly there—but because they no longer represented an edifying enough