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Transfers between Media and Mobility

Automobilism, Early Cinema, and Literature, 1900-1920

Dorit Müller

The essay analyzes the interrelationship between media technologies and the development of mobility based on a concrete historical constellation—the emergence of automobilism and its representation in literature and film between 1900 and 1920. The focus lies on Western European countries and most notably on Italian and German literature as well as British, German, and French films. During that period, the portrayal of the automobile in these countries shows a dominant pattern: due to their speed, cars seem to embody a destructive power per se. This is expressed by numerous violence-related scenarios. However, the accentuation of destructive tendencies cannot only be described as a response to increased risks. Rather, they are a product of media technologies and media-specific aesthetics, too: film, establishing itself as a new media form experimenting with “dynamization“ and destruction; and literature, responding to the new visual media using dynamic language and the demolition of traditional poetic forms. Consequently, the noticeable surge in technology around 1900 created new and different types of mobility in the areas of transportation and media, influencing each other.

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Ocean, Motion, Emotion

Mobilities and Mobilizations in the Pacific

Matt Matsuda

: fish and seaweed going to Japan, Taiwan, Australia, the United States, and Western Europe, manufactured goods imported from the same and China, Korea, and New Zealand. Because of Kiribati’s equatorial location, Japan and China established satellite

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Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh and Juliano Fiori

in the early nineteenth century as Western European intellectuals and military planners conceive of Russia as a strategic threat in the East. This bloc is consolidated in the aftermath of World War I, under the leadership of the United States, which

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Johannes Görbert, Russ Pottle, Jeff Morrison, Pramod K. Nayar, Dirk Göttsche, Lacy Marschalk, Dorit Müller, Angela Fowler, Rebecca Mills, and Kevin Mitchell Mercer

in British society, uses to frame Britain as peripheral to Europe, thus complicating Britain’s superior identity (15). He draws on the “Eastern” aspects of Europe, particularly regarding Albania, in order to problematize the “WesternEuropean

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Keep Moving, Stay Tuned

The Construction of Flow in and through Radio Traffic Reports

Marith Dieker

captures exactly the intention of public authorities (in the Netherlands and other parts of Western Europe) to inform drivers so that they could be kept safe. Over time, however, this focus became blurred, and there was more focus on the smooth flow of

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Imparting Ethno-aesthetic Knowledge in John Hawkesworth’s Report on Cook’s First Voyage to the South Pacific (1768–1771)

Sebastian Kaufmann

Discovery the production, translation, and reception of travel reports increased so rapidly in Western Europe that in his treatise Auch eine Philosophie der Geschichte zur Bildung der Menschheit (Another Philosophy of History for the Education of Mankind

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Governing Global Aeromobility

Canada and Airport Refugee Claimants in the 1980s

Bret Edwards

late 1970s and 1980s that saw neoliberal governments assume power in the United States and much of Western Europe on austerity platforms of deregulation, privatization, and massive tax cuts. 27 These regimes turned to risk management to keep government

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Heidi Morrison, James S. Finley, Daniel Owen Spence, Aaron Hatley, Rachael Squire, Michael Ra-shon Hall, Stéphanie Vincent-Geslin, Sibo Chen, Tawny Andersen, and Stéphanie Ponsavady

Edith Wharton, Heinrich Hauser, and (as cited above) John Steinbeck, Mom illuminates the cultural desires that permeated early car culture in North America and Western Europe and sets them at the forefront of his model for the emergence and persistence

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Tracey Reimann-Dawe

of western European cultural influence was chiefly constituted by scientific progress and the processes of industrialization. 6 The registration of time’s passage became increasingly scientific and defined in numerical values. 7 Further features

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Listening with Displacement

Sound, Citizenship, and Disruptive Representations of Migration

Tom Western

nineteenth century, Western Europe has been the main political and cultural reference point ( Triandafyllidou and Gropas 2009: 958 ). On its installation as capital city, Athens was reimagined to fit fantasies of Greece as ur-Europa ( Herzfeld 1982