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Fostering peace through dialogue

The international social democratic movement and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Pentti Väänänen

The Socialist International (SI), the worldwide forum of the socialist, social democratic, and labor parties, actively looked for a solution to the Jewish-Palestinian conflict in the 1980s. At that time, the Israeli Labour Party still was the leading political force in Israel, as it had been historically since the foundation of the country. The Labour Party was also an active member of the SI. The Party’s leader, Shimon Peres, was one of its vice-presidents. At the same time, the social democratic parties were the leading political force in Western Europe. Several important European leaders, many of them presidents and prime ministers, were involved in the SI’s work. They included personalities such as Willy Brandt of Germany; former president of the SI, Francois Mitterrand of France; James Callaghan of Great Britain; Bruno Kreisky of Austria; Bettini Craxi of Italy; Felipe Gonzalez of Spain; Mario Soares of Portugal; Joop de Uyl of the Netherlands; Olof Palme of Sweden; Kalevi Sorsa of Finland; Anker Jörgensen of Denmark; and Gro Harlem Brudtland of Norway—all of whom are former vice-presidents of the SI. As a result, in the 1980s, the SI in many ways represented Europe in global affairs, despite the existence of the European Community (which did not yet have well-defined common foreign policy objectives).

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Assisted “voluntary” return of women to Kosovo

Rhetoric and reality within the framework of development

Sandra Sacchetti

Serbia). In the 1960s, countries in Western Europe became emigration destinations for guest workers from Kosovo. In addition, the repressive regime of the erstwhile security police chief Aleksandar Ranković (1945–1966) triggered a significant outflow of

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Improving and protecting human rights

A reflection of the quality of education for migrant and marginalized Roma children in Europe

Silvia-Maria Chireac and Anna Devis Arbona

1,200,000 persons emigrated from the East toward Western Europe. Because of their itinerant lifestyle this has been a common source of misunderstanding and discrimination. Traditionally, the permanent mobility of the communities has been met with

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From philanthropy to impact investing

The case of Luxembourg

Shirlita Espinosa

in Western Europe shape the philanthropic and investment potential of Filipino migrants who settled in the country. The strong financial and economic status of Luxembourg provides an example of new migration-related investment opportunities despite

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Naila Maier-Knapp

. Cohesion In this article, cohesion in the context of regions is conceived differently from conventional conceptions that have been mainly developed within Western European policy and scholarly discourses on integration and community. These conventional

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James Gerber

. Or more concretely, why is Eastern Europe poorer than Western Europe? Those questions have answers that are complicated but knowable, while the central question that was posed at the beginning of this article—In what ways are border cities different

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Conceptualizing sub-national regional cooperation

Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia case study

Diana Morales

reform and the rescaling of state space in contemporary Western Europe . European Urban and Regional Studies 10 ( 4 ), 297 – 324 . 10.1177/09697764030104002 Citroni , G. , Lippi , A. , & Profeti , S. ( 2013 ). Remapping the state: Inter